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Werner's syndrome (WS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that arises as a consequence of mutations in a gene coding for a protein that is a member of RecQ family of DNA helicases, WRN. The cellular function of WRN is still unclear, but on the basis of the cellular phenotypes of WS and of RecQ yeast mutants, its possible role in controlling(More)
Werner's syndrome (WS) is a recessive human genetic disorder associated with an elevated incidence of many types of cancer. The WS gene product, WRNp, belongs to the RecQ family of DNA helicases and is required for the maintenance of genomic stability in human cells. A possible interaction between helicases and topoisomerases that could co-operate in many(More)
Werner's syndrome (WS) is a rare autosomal recessive human disorder and the patients exhibit many symptoms of accelerated ageing in their early adulthood. The gene (WRN) responsible for WS has been biochemically characterised as a 3'-5' helicase and is homologous to a number of RecQ superfamily of helicases. The yeast SGS1 helicase is considered as a human(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether catalytic topoisomerase II activity by ICRF187, a compound that interferes with the catalytic cycle of topoisomerase II without causing DNA damage, could result in a modulation of X-ray-induced chromosomal damage in Werner's syndrome (WS) cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two WS (KO375, DJG) and one normal lymphoblastoid(More)
DNA mismatch repair (MMR) corrects DNA polymerase insertion errors that have escaped proofreading in order to avoid the accumulation of deleterious mutations. While the role of MMR in the correction of replication errors is well established, its involvement in the processing of DNA damage induced by chemical and physical agents is less clear. A role for(More)
It is widely accepted that camptothecin (CPT) is an S-dependent genotoxin. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the 'puzzling' induction of chromosomal damage by CPT in the G(2) phase of CHO cells, where no DNA synthesis is expected, focusing the attention on the possible role of the ongoing RNA synthesis, supposed to cause the conversion of CPT-single(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the possibility that the differential G2-phase radiosensitivity of human peripheral blood lymphocytes, found in normal individuals using the 'G2-phase chromosome radiosensitivity assay', could be attributed to heterogeneity in cellular progression to mitosis rather than differences in radiosensitivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human(More)
Oncogene-induced replication stress is recognized as the primary cause of accumulation of DNA damage and genome instability in precancerous cells. Although the molecular mechanisms responding to such type of replication perturbation are not fully characterized, it has been speculated that their dysfunction may enhance genome instability and accelerate tumor(More)
It is well established that DNA lesions trigger cell cycle check-points causing a mitotic delay that is required for their repair before cells enter the mitotic phase. Caffeine, in some cases, can remove this delay and consequently potentiates the yield of induced chromosome aberrations. The objective of this study was to test the effect of a G2 treatment(More)
Many cancer-prone diseases have been shown to be radiosensitive. The radiosensitivity has been attributed to pitfalls in the mechanisms of repair of induced DNA lesions or to an impaired cell cycle checkpoint response. Although discrepancies exist in the results obtained by various authors on the radiosensitivity of individuals affected by the same disease,(More)