P-P Vidal

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Membrane and discharge properties were determined in second-order vestibular neurons (2 degrees VN) in the isolated brain of grass frogs. 2 degrees VN were identified by monosynaptic excitatory postsynaptic potentials after separate electrical stimulation of the utricular nerve, the lagenar nerve, or individual semicircular canal nerves. 2 degrees VN were(More)
The effect of the lack of vestibular input on the membrane properties of central vestibular neurons was studied by using a strain of transgenic, vestibular-deficient mutant KCNE1(-/-) mice where the hair cells of the inner ear degenerate just after birth. Despite the absence of sensory vestibular input, their central vestibular pathways are intact. Juvenile(More)
We investigated how vestibular information is used to maintain posture and control movement by studying vestibularly deficient mice (IsK-/- mutant). In these mutants, microscopy showed degeneration of the cristae of the semicircular canals and of the maculae of the utriculi and sacculi, while behavioural and vestibulo-ocular reflex testing showed that(More)
OBJECTIVE To test sensitivity to proprioceptive, vestibular and visual stimulations of stroke patients with regard to balance. METHOD The postural control of 20 hemiparetic patients after a single hemispheric stroke that had occurred at least 6 months before the study along with 20 controls was probed with vibration, optokinetic, and vestibular galvanic(More)
Facial nerve axotomy is a good model for studying neuronal plasticity and regeneration in the peripheral nervous system. We investigated in the rat the effect of axotomy on the different subunits of excitatory glutamatergic AMPA (GLuR1-4), NMDA (NR1, NR2A-D) receptors, post-synaptic density 95, vesicular glutamate transporter 2, beta catenin and cadherin.(More)
Vestibular compensation following unilateral labyrinthectomy is associated with modifications of the membrane and firing properties of central vestibular neurons. To determine whether gap junctions could be involved in this process, immunofluorescent detection of neuronal connexin 36 and astrocytic connexin 43 was performed in the medial vestibular nucleus(More)
We investigated whether the production of the mRNAs for the auxiliary beta subunits of the Na channels are modulated in deafferented medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) and in axotomized facial motoneurons. No beta1-3 mRNAs modulation was detected at any time following unilateral labyrinthectomy in the deafferented and intact medial vestibular nucleus. In(More)
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