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BACKGROUND Saliva of blood sucking arthropods contains compounds that antagonize their hosts' hemostasis, which include platelet aggregation, vasoconstriction and blood clotting; saliva of these organisms also has anti-inflammatory and immunomodullatory properties. Perhaps because hosts mount an active immune response against these compounds, the diversity(More)
Chemical burns represent potentially blinding ocular injuries and constitute a true ocular emergency requiring immediate assessment and initiation of treatment. The majority of victims are young and exposure occurs at home, work place and in association with criminal assaults. Alkali injuries occur more frequently than acid injuries. Chemical injuries of(More)
AIM To study the normal aerobic conjunctival flora in lower to mid Himalayan region of Shimla Hills. METHODS Samples from normal conjunctiva of 200 individuals above the age of 13 years who visited Indira Gandhi Medical College Hospital Shimla for refraction or cataract surgery were taken by anaesthetising the conjunctival sac with sterile 4% Xylocaine(More)
Systemic anti-cancer therapies can produce acute and chronic organ damage. Ocular toxicity induced by anti-cancer chemotherapy is not uncommon, but underestimated and under-reported. The development of more aggressive regimens, use of newer agents and combination chemotherapies have resulted in a significant increase of reported cases of chemotherapies(More)
INTRODUCTION The incidence of multiple primary cancers is reported to be between 0.3% and 4.3%. The second primary lesion is identified either simultaneously with the primary lesion (synchronous) or after a period of time (metachronous). Few cases of metastasis of breast carcinoma to the esophagus and vice versa have been reported in the past. CASE(More)
Choroidal melanoma is the most common primary intra-ocular malignant tumor and second most common site of ten malignant melanoma sites in the body. Current diagnosis of choroidal melanoma is based on both the clinical experience of the specialist and modern diagnostic techniques such as indirect ophthalmoscopy, A- and B-ultrasonography scans, fundus(More)
INTRODUCTION Diabetes is a major public health problem which needs to be addressed with outmost planning in resource poor settings. Good glycaemic control and medication adherence patterns can play an important role in reducing disease related complications thereby reducing morbidity and mortality among diabetics. Disease specific camps can act as a(More)
INTRODUCTION Metastatic tumors are the most common intra-ocular malignancies and choroid is by far the most common site for intra-ocular malignancies. Multiple foci are usually involved, and bilateral involvement is frequently seen. The primary sites for choroidal metastasis in decreasing order and by gender are: breast, lung, unknown primary,(More)
In this study, the genotoxicity of commonly used insecticide cypermethrin and fungicide carbendazim were examined on root meristem cells of Hordeum vulgare L. Cypermethrin and carbendazim were applied with concentrations of 0.05%, 0.1% and 0.5% at different presoaking durations of 7 h, 17 h and 27 h which falls into G(1), S and G(2) phases of cell cycle,(More)
Sebaceous gland carcinoma usually arises from the meibomian or Zeis glands within the eyelid, but tumor arising primarily from the conjunctiva, especially bulbar conjunctiva, is a rarity. We hereby report a case of a 50-year-old female who presented with a painless mass in the inferior limbus, encroaching the cornea and hanging over the lower eyelid without(More)