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In this paper, we have introduced optically controlled two-mode interference (OTMI) coupler having silicon core and GaAsInP cladding as an all-optical switch. By taking advantage of refractive index modulation by launching optical pulse into cladding region of TMI waveguide, we have shown optically controlled switching operation. We have studied optical(More)
In this paper, two traffic grooming approaches based on alternate path routing are proposed to accommodate a greater number of connections in optical networks. In the first approach (called as Source_SWG), the connections of same source and different destinations along a path are groomed in a wavelength channel, whereas in the second approach (called as(More)
A parabolic tapered structure based on general interference has been proposed and studied theoretically with silica waveguides of silicon oxinitride (SiON) core by using a mathematical model based on sinusoidal modes for the reduction of coupling length of a 2x2 multimode interference (MMI) coupler. The coupling behaviors of the proposed structure are(More)
It introduces a new, extremely simple, sinusoidal oscillator based on op-amp compensation poles. The circuit employs only four components, two internally compensated op-amp, one resistor, one grounded capacitor. It can generate sinusoidal oscillations of frequencies up to the gain bandwidth product of the op-amps. With the help of some modifications using(More)
A thermally tunable erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) gain equalizer filter based on compact point symmetric cascaded Mach-Zehnder (CMZ) coupler is presented with its mathematical model and is found to be polarization dependent due to stress anisotropy caused by local heating for thermo-optic phase change from its mathematical analysis. A thermo-optic(More)
Based on a mix of official data and results of a survey conducted in May-June 2000 as part of an ongoing Swedish-Indian-Chinese collaborative study, this paper describes the working conditions of workers engaged in rural industry in India. First, it reports the education and skills of such workers. Educational attainment is presented in terms of both(More)