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The mechanics and petrological signature of a collisional mountain belt can be significantly influenced by topographic and erosional effects at the scale of large river gorges. The geomorphic influence on crustal scale processes arises from the effects of both stress localization due to existing topography, and also erosional removal of advected crustal(More)
Is erosion important to the structural and petrological evolution of mountain belts? The nature of active metamorphic massifs colocated with deep gorges in the syntaxes at each end of the Himalayan range, together with the magnitude of erosional fluxes that occur in these regions, leads us to concur with suggestions that erosion plays an integral role in(More)
Ongoing plate convergence between India and Eurasia provides a natural laboratory for studying the dynamics of continental collision, a fi rst-order process in the evolution of continents, regional climate, and natural hazards. In southeastern Tibet, the fast directions of seismic anisotropy determined using shear-wave splitting analysis correlate with the(More)
High-grade gneisses (amphibolite–granulite facies) of the Namche Barwa and Gyala Peri massifs, in the eastern Himalayan syntaxis, have been unroofed from metamorphic depths in the late Tertiary–Recent. Rapid exhumation (2–5 mm year) has resulted in a pronounced shallow conductive thermal anomaly beneath the massifs and the intervening Tsangpo gorge. The(More)
The Nanga Parbat Massif is located in northwestern Pakistan and occurs in the interior of the western syntaxis of the Himalaya. Recent studies have shown that the massif exposes an active metamorphic anomaly developed in IndianPlate rocks exhumed from beneath and surrounded by rocks of the Kohistan/Ladakh island-arc. Geochemical and geophysical data from(More)
Wang et al. (Reports, 21 November, 2014, p. 978) describe a buried canyon upstream of the Yarlung Tsangpo Gorge and argue that rapid erosion of the gorge was merely a passive response to rapid uplift at ~2.5 million years ago (Ma). We view these data as an expected consequence emerging from feedbacks between erosion and crustal rheology active well before(More)
Crevasse initiation is linked to strain rates that range over three orders of magnitude (0.001 and 0.163 a) as a result of the temperature-dependent nonlinear rheological properties of ice and from water and debris inclusions. Here we discuss a small cold glacier that contains buried crevasses at and near an ice divide. Surface-conformable stratigraphy, the(More)
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