P. Nielaba

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The nature of freezing and melting transitions for a system of hard disks in a spatially periodic external potential is studied using extensive Monte Carlo simulations. Detailed finite size scaling analysis of various thermodynamic quantities like the order parameter, its cumulants, etc., are used to map the phase diagram of the system for various values of(More)
The spin structure of domain walls in constrictions down to 30 nm is investigated both experimentally with electron holography and with simulations using a Heisenberg model. Symmetric and asymmetric transverse domain walls for different constriction sizes are observed, consistent with simulations. The experimentally observed asymmetric transverse walls can(More)
We use Monte Carlo techniques and analytical methods to study the phase diagram of multicomponent Widom-Rowlinson models on a square lattice: there are M species all with the same fugacity z and a nearest neighbor hard core exclusion between unlike particles. Simulations show that for M between two and six there is a direct transition from the gas phase at(More)
Conductance histograms are a valuable tool to study the intrinsic conduction properties of metallic atomic-sized contacts. These histograms show a peak structure, which is characteristic of the type of metal under investigation. Despite the enormous progress in the understanding of the electronic transport in metallic nanowires, the origin of this peak(More)
The possibility of fabricating electronic devices with functional building blocks of atomic size is a major driving force of nanotechnology. The key elements in electronic circuits are switches, usually realized by transistors, which can be configured to perform memory operations. Electronic switches have been miniaturized all the way down to the atomic(More)
Elastic constants of two-dimensional (2D) colloidal crystals are determined by measuring strain fluctuations induced by Brownian motion of particles. Paramagnetic colloids confined to an air-water interface of a pendant drop are crystallized under the action of a magnetic field, which is applied perpendicular to the 2D layer. Using video microscopy and(More)
Many experiments have shown that the conductance histograms of metallic atomic-sized contacts exhibit a peak structure, which is characteristic of the corresponding material. The origin of these peaks still remains as an open problem. In order to shed some light on this issue, we present a theoretical analysis of the conductance histograms of Au atomic(More)
The transport behavior of a system of gravitationally driven superparamagnetic colloidal particles is investigated. The motion of the particles through a narrow channel is governed by magnetic dipole interactions, and a layered structure forms parallel to the walls. The arrangement of the particles is perturbed by diffusion and the motion induced by gravity(More)
We use Monte Carlo techniques and analytical methods to study the phase diagram of the M {component Widom{Rowlinson model on the bcc{lattice: there are M species all with the same fugacity z and a nearest neighbor hard core exclusion between unlike particles. Simulations show that for M 3 there is a \crystal phase" for z lying between z c (M) and z d (M)(More)
Using molecular dynamics simulations of many junction stretching processes combined with tight-binding-based electronic structure and transport calculations, we analyze the thermopower of silver (Ag), gold (Au), and platinum (Pt) atomic contacts. In all cases we observe that the thermopower vanishes on average within the standard deviation and that its(More)