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Clinical studies with the Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor STI-571 in chronic myeloid leukemia demonstrate that many patients with advanced stage disease respond initially but then relapse. Through biochemical and molecular analysis of clinical material, we find that drug resistance is associated with the reactivation of BCR-ABL signal transduction in all(More)
BACKGROUND The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is frequently amplified, overexpressed, or mutated in glioblastomas, but only 10 to 20 percent of patients have a response to EGFR kinase inhibitors. The mechanism of responsiveness of glioblastomas to these inhibitors is unknown. METHODS We sequenced kinase domains in the EGFR and human EGFR type 2(More)
Haploid nuclear DNA of 23 species of Aedes, as determined by Feulgen cytophotometry, was found to vary 3-fold. This was accompanied by a 2-fold variation in total chromosomal length. There was a significant correlation (r = 0.765, P less than 0.001) between these two parameters. Genome size varied from 0.87 pg to 1.3 pg among 10 strains of Aedes albopictus,(More)
The frequencies of common fragile sites (c-fra) induced in peripheral blood lymphocytes by fluorodeoxyuridine (FUdR), aphidicolin, or caffeine, in eight healthy controls were studied. There was a significantly higher frequency of breaks (P<0.05) in the latter two treatments than the former. Also, significant variation in total number of breaks was observed(More)
We present a large review of 446 cases of paracentric inversions (PAI), including 120 new cases, to assess their incidence, distribution, inheritance, modes of ascertainment, interchromosomal effects, viable recombinant offspring, and clinical relevance. All 23 autosomes and sex chromosomes had inversions. However, none were identified in chromosome arms(More)
BACKGROUND Protein tyrosine kinases are important regulators of cellular homeostasis with tightly controlled catalytic activity. Mutations in kinase-encoding genes can relieve the autoinhibitory constraints on kinase activity, can promote malignant transformation, and appear to be a major determinant of response to kinase inhibitor therapy. Missense(More)
Wnt-4, a member of the Wnt family of locally acting secreted growth factors, is the first signaling molecule shown to influence the sex-determination cascade. In mice, a targeted deletion of Wnt-4 causes the masculinization of XX pups. Therefore, WNT-4, the human homologue of murine Wnt-4, is a strong candidate gene for sex-reversal phenotypes in humans. In(More)
Approximately 45% of adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have normal cytogenetics and therefore lack structural abnormalities that can assist in the localization and characterization of molecular defects. The partial tandem duplication of the ALL1 (MLL) gene has been found in several such cases of AML, yet its frequency and clinical significance are(More)
OBJECTIVES A number of herbal dietary antioxidant supplements containing Indole-3 Carbinol (I3C) and Resveratrol (RE) have been established as anti-proliferative agents in cancer. These compounds have both similar as well as unique molecular targeting profiles. The purpose of this study is to analyze their mechanism of action when used individually and in(More)
BACKGROUND ImmunoCyt (uCyt) and UroVysion are ancillary studies that may aid in the detection of urothelial carcinoma in urine specimens. We compared ImmunoCyt and UroVysion to urine cytology in the ability to detect recurrent urothelial carcinoma. METHODS Single voided urine samples were obtained from 100 patients who had a previous history of bladder(More)