P. N. Kugler

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Non-radioactive in situ hybridization using complementary RNA and oligonucleotide probes was applied in order to clearly identify the cell types expressing GLT1 and to show their regional distribution in the central nervous system of the rat. The results were compared with immunocytochemical data achieved using an antibody against a synthetic GLT1 peptide.(More)
Rapid uptake of synaptically released glutamate via the high affinity glutamate transporter 1 (GLT1; EAAT2) is important for limiting transmitter signalling and prevents a harmful receptor overstimulation. So far, in the adult brain GLT1 protein has only been detected in astrocytes. Here, we describe the cDNA cloning of a variant of GLT1 from rat brain(More)
The epithelia of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract and their appendages contain a distinct population of disseminated epithelial cells called brush cells or caveolated cells. On the basis of their structure, it was suggested that brush cells might serve as chemo- or volume receptors that play a role in certain aspects of gastrointestinal and(More)
Oligonucleotide and cRNA probes were used for nonradioactive in situ hybridizations carried out to identify the neural cell types expressing the glutamate transporter GLAST mRNA in the rat CNS. Additionally, the regional distribution of GLAST mRNA-expressing cells was studied, and the results were complemented by immunocytochemical investigations using an(More)
In the central nervous system nitric oxide appears to be critically involved in a number of physiological and pathological processes. Although there is convincing evidence for expression of nitric oxide synthase in cultured glial cells, demonstration of this enzyme in glial cells in situ remained largely unsatisfactory. In the present study we applied(More)
The focus is the power formulae relating periodic time in terrestrial locomotion and flight to mass and length. The periodic timing of limbs and wings oscillating comfortably in absolute co-ordination is viewed as the characteristic period tau 0 of a system in which the free, undamped oscillatory motion of a point mass m at a distance l from a fixed axis(More)
In the central nervous system glutamate dehydrogenase appears to be strongly involved in the metabolism of transmitter glutamate and plays a role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. In order to identify unequivocally the neural cell types expressing this enzyme, non-radioactive in situ hybridization, using a complementary RNA probe and(More)
The localization of renin, converting enzyme (CE) and angiotensin II (ANG II) in the kidneys of rats and mice was investigated with immunocytochemical methods. According to the presence and specific intrarenal localization of these components of the renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) our results suggest that in addition to the well known systemic effects of the(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a ubiquitous, cell-permeable intercellular messenger. The current concept assumes that NO diffuses freely through the plasma membrane into the cytoplasm of a target cell, where it activates its cytosolic receptor enzyme, soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC). Recent evidence, however, suggests that cellular membranes are not only the(More)