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Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a common complication leading to heightened risk of heart failure and death. In the present report, we performed proteomic analysis on total cardiac proteins from the OVE26 mouse model of type 1 diabetes to identify protein changes that may contribute to diabetic cardiomyopathy. This analysis revealed that a surprising high(More)
Calmodulin is implicated as the primary transducer of the calcium signal in pancreatic beta cells, where it is present at very high concentrations. We have produced three lines of transgenic mice carrying a calmodulin minigene regulated by the rat insulin II promoter. Immunohistochemistry and hybridization analyses indicated a 5-fold increase in the content(More)
Chronic alcohol consumption produces alcoholic heart muscle disease (AHMD), a prevalent form of congestive heart failure. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the damaging effects of alcohol on the heart, but neither the mechanism nor the ultimate toxin has been established. In this study, we use transgenic overexpression of alcohol(More)
We previously reported damage and elevated biogenesis in cardiac mitochondria of a type 1 diabetic mouse model and proposed that mitochondria are one of the major targets of oxidative stress. In this study, we targeted overexpression of the mitochondrial antioxidant protein manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) to the heart to protect cardiac mitochondria(More)
Insulin resistance is concomitant with metabolic syndrome, oxidative stress and cardiac contractile dysfunction. However, the causal relationship between oxidative stress and cardiac dysfunction is unknown. This study was designed to determine the impact of overexpression of the cardiac antioxidant metallothionein on cardiac dysfunction induced by insulin(More)
The release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been proposed as a cause of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced beta-cell damage. This initiates a destructive cascade, consisting of DNA damage, excess activation of the DNA repair enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, and depletion of cellular NAD+. Metallothionein (MT) is an inducible antioxidant protein that has(More)
Weak antioxidant capacity, particularly low catalase activity in the heart, may be a factor responsible for the high sensitivity of this organ to doxorubicin-induced oxidative damage. To test this hypothesis, a heart-specific promoter was used to drive the expression of murine catalase cDNA in transgenic mice. Fifteen healthy transgenic mouse lines were(More)
Many diabetic patients suffer from a cardiomyopathy that cannot be explained by poor coronary perfusion. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been proposed to contribute to this cardiomyopathy. Consistent with this we found evidence for induction of the antioxidant genes for catalase in diabetic OVE26 hearts. To determine whether increased antioxidant(More)
  • Jinhong Duan, Hai-Ying Zhang, +6 authors Jun Ren
  • American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and…
  • 2003
This study characterized the cardiac contractile function and IGF-I response in a transgenic diabetic mouse model. Mechanical properties were evaluated in cardiac myocytes from OVE26 diabetic and FVB wild-type mice, including peak shortening (PS), time to PS (TPS), time to 90% relengthening (TR(90)) and maximal velocity of shortening/relengthening(More)
It is widely proposed that reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to beta-cell death in type 1 diabetes. We tested this in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice using beta-cell-specific overexpression of three antioxidant proteins: metallothionein (MT), catalase (Cat), or manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD). Unexpectedly, the cytoplasmic antioxidants, MT and(More)