P N Epstein

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Baroreflex sensitivity is impaired by diabetes mellitus. Previously, we found that diabetes induces a deficit of central mediation of baroreflex-mediated bradycardia. In this study, we assessed whether diabetes induces degeneration of the nucleus ambiguus (NA) and reduces heart rate (HR) responses to l-Glutamate (L-Glu) microinjection into the NA. FVB(More)
Baroreflex control of heart rate (HR) is impaired in diabetes mellitus. We hypothesized that diabetes mellitus induced functional changes of neural components at multiple sites within the baroreflex arc. Type 1 diabetic mice (OVE26) and FVB control mice were anesthetized. Baroreflex-mediated HR responses to sodium nitroprusside- (SNP) and phenylephrine-(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS OVE26 (OVE) mice provide a valuable model of advanced diabetic nephropathy (DN), but they take 8 months to develop moderate interstitial fibrosis and reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The aim of this project was to produce a more rapid and advanced model of DN. METHODS Uninephrectomy was applied to OVE and FVB mice at 2 months of(More)
Vagal efferent axons from the nucleus ambiguus (NA) innervate ganglionated plexuses in the dorsal surface of cardiac atria, which in turn, may have different functional roles in cardiac regulation. However, the morphology and topography of vagal efferent projections to these ganglionated plexuses in rats and mice have not been well delineated. In the(More)
To investigate the effects of chronic diabetes on baroreflex control of renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), OVE26 diabetic (transgenic mouse line which develops hyperglycemia within the first 3 weeks after birth) and FVB control mice 5-6 months old were studied. Under anesthesia, RSNA in response to sodium nitroprusside (SNP)- and phenylephrine(More)
This study was designed to test whether reduced levels of cardiac fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (F-2,6-P(2)) exacerbates cardiac damage in response to pressure overload. F-2,6-P(2) is a positive regulator of the glycolytic enzyme phosphofructokinase. Normal and Mb transgenic mice were subject to transverse aortic constriction (TAC) or sham surgery. Mb(More)
The effect of diabetes in vivo has not been examined on isolated podocytes. To achieve this, GFP was expressed constitutively in podocytes of PGFP transgenic mice which were bred to OVE mice to produce diabetic OVE-GFP mice. Viewing GFP fluorescence, foot processes of OVE-GFP podocytes were visually and measurably effaced, which did not occur with less(More)
The importance of proximal tubules dysfunction to diabetic albuminuria is uncertain. OVE26 mice have the most severe albuminuria of all diabetic mouse models but it is not known if impaired tubule uptake and processing are contributing factors. In the current study fluorescent albumin was used to follow the fate of albumin in OVE26 and normal mice. Compared(More)
Regulation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-response pathway during the course of diabetes specifically in renal tubules is unclear. Since tubule cell dysfunction is critical to progression of diabetic nephropathy, this study analyzed markers of ER stress response and ER chaperones at different stages of diabetes and in different renal tubule(More)