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Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a common complication leading to heightened risk of heart failure and death. In the present report, we performed proteomic analysis on total cardiac proteins from the OVE26 mouse model of type 1 diabetes to identify protein changes that may contribute to diabetic cardiomyopathy. This analysis revealed that a surprising high(More)
This study characterized the cardiac contractile function and IGF-I response in a transgenic diabetic mouse model. Mechanical properties were evaluated in cardiac myocytes from OVE26 diabetic and FVB wild-type mice, including peak shortening (PS), time to PS (TPS), time to 90% relengthening (TR(90)) and maximal velocity of shortening/relengthening(More)
Weak antioxidant capacity, particularly low catalase activity in the heart, may be a factor responsible for the high sensitivity of this organ to doxorubicin-induced oxidative damage. To test this hypothesis, a heart-specific promoter was used to drive the expression of murine catalase cDNA in transgenic mice. Fifteen healthy transgenic mouse lines were(More)
Baroreflex sensitivity is impaired by diabetes mellitus. Previously, we found that diabetes induces a deficit of central mediation of baroreflex-mediated bradycardia. In this study, we assessed whether diabetes induces degeneration of the nucleus ambiguus (NA) and reduces heart rate (HR) responses to l-Glutamate (L-Glu) microinjection into the NA. FVB(More)
Many diabetic patients suffer from a cardiomyopathy that cannot be explained by poor coronary perfusion. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been proposed to contribute to this cardiomyopathy. Consistent with this we found evidence for induction of the antioxidant genes for catalase in diabetic OVE26 hearts. To determine whether increased antioxidant(More)
Many individuals with diabetes experience impaired cardiac contractility that cannot be explained by hypertension and atherosclerosis. This cardiomyopathy may be due to either organ-based damage, such as fibrosis, or to direct damage to cardiomyocytes. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been proposed to contribute to such damage. To address these(More)
Oxidative stress is a major cause of diabetic nephropathy. Upregulation of the key antioxidative transcription factor, nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), was found to prevent the development of diabetic nephropathy. The present study was designed to explore the therapeutic effect of Nrf2 induced by proteasomal inhibitor MG132 at a low dose(More)
Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is characterized by impaired ventricular function although its toxic mechanism is unclear. This study examined the impact of cardiac overexpression of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), which oxidizes ethanol into acetaldehyde (ACA), on ethanol-induced cardiac contractile defect. Mechanical and intracellular Ca(2+) properties were(More)
Diabetic patients have a high risk of pulmonary disorders that are usually associated with restrictive impairment of lung function, suggesting a fibrotic process (van den Borst B, Gosker HR, Zeegers MP, Schols AM. Chest 138: 393-406, 2010; Ehrlich SF, Quesenberry CP Jr, Van Den Eeden SK, Shan J, Ferrara A. Diabetes Care 33: 55-60, 2010). The present study(More)
Baroreflex control of heart rate (HR) is impaired in diabetes mellitus. We hypothesized that diabetes mellitus induced functional changes of neural components at multiple sites within the baroreflex arc. Type 1 diabetic mice (OVE26) and FVB control mice were anesthetized. Baroreflex-mediated HR responses to sodium nitroprusside- (SNP) and phenylephrine-(More)