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The International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is based upon weighted data on bone marrow (BM) blast percentage, cytopenia, and cytogenetics, separating patients into four prognostic groups. We analyzed the value of the IPSS in 142 children with de novo MDS and 166 children with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML)(More)
Chimaerism analysis was performed by polymerase chain reaction amplification of short-tandem repeat markers in 30 children following haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML). Fourteen patients always had complete chimaerism (CC); one of them relapsed after the discontinuation of the study and 13 continued in(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only proven curative therapy for juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML). We, the European Working Group on Childhood MDS (EWOG-MDS) and the European Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) Group, report the outcome of 100 children (67 boys and 33 girls) with JMML given unmanipulated HSCT(More)
Ewing's sarcoma cells are highly susceptible to apoptosis via tumor necrosis factor apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). Resistance to TRAIL has been linked to deficient expression of caspase-8 in vitro. Here, we report on the status of caspase-8 expression in tumors from patients with Ewing's sarcoma, the effect of interferon-gamma on caspase-8 expression(More)
Germline GATA2 mutations cause cellular deficiencies with high propensity for myeloid disease. We investigated 426 children and adolescents with primary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and 82 cases with secondary MDS enrolled in 2 consecutive prospective studies of the European Working Group of MDS in Childhood (EWOG-MDS) conducted in Germany over a period(More)
Aberrant DNA methylation contributes to the malignant phenotype in virtually all types of cancer, including myeloid leukemia. We hypothesized that CpG island hypermethylation also occurs in juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and investigated whether it is associated with clinical, hematologic, or prognostic features. Based on quantitative measurements(More)
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a clonal myeloproliferative disorder of early childhood. In all, 21 patients with JMML who received donor leukocyte infusion (DLI) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for either mixed chimerism (MC, n=7) or relapse (n=14) were studied. Six patients had been transplanted from an(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chemotherapy-related neutropenia and fever are usually hospitalized and treated on empirical intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotic regimens. Early diagnosis of sepsis in children with febrile neutropenia remains difficult due to non-specific clinical and laboratory signs of infection. We aimed to analyze whether IL-6 and IL-8 could(More)
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia is an aggressive and frequently lethal myeloproliferative disorder of childhood. Somatic mutations in NRAS, KRAS, or PTPN11 occur in 60% of cases. Monitoring disease status is difficult because of the lack of characteristic leukemic blasts at diagnosis. We designed a fluorescently based, allele-specific polymerase chain(More)
To identify cytogenetic risk factors predicting outcome in children with advanced myelodysplastic syndrome, overall survival of 192 children prospectively enrolled in European Working Group of Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Childhood studies was evaluated with regard to karyotypic complexity. Structurally complex constitutes a new definition of complex(More)