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11Beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) Type I enzyme is found in testis and liver. In Leydig cell cultures, 11beta-HSD activity is reported to be primarily oxidative while another report concluded that is primarily reductive. Hepatic 11beta-HSD preferentially catalyzes reduction and the reaction direction is unaffected by the external factors.(More)
The effects of stress and corticosterone on testicular 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) oxidative activity have been controversial, whilst that of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) have not been investigated before. Hence, the aim of the present study was to determine the in vivo effects of stress due to injection and sham operation, ACTH(More)
This study tested the possibility of adrenal autotransplantation in rats. Since the cortex and the medulla of the adrenal gland were from different origin embryologically, either whole adrenal glands (ADR), or capsule and cortex (CAP) or medulla (MED) were autotransplanted in the subcutaneous tissue. The functions of regenerated adrenal nodules were tested(More)
The possible role of cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) in mediating the action of steroid hormones was investigated using the rat lung. Male rats were adrenalectomized and treated with olive oil, dexamethasone, corticosterone, deoxycorticosterone (DOC) or progesterone. At the end of 10 days, 100 micrograms isoprenaline/kg was injected(More)
11 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-OHSD) is a microsomal enzyme that catalyzes the dehydrogenation of cortisol (F) to cortisone (E) in man and corticosterone (B) to 11-dehydrocorticosterone (A) in rats. 11 beta-OHSD has been identified in a wide variety of tissues. The differential distribution of 11 beta-OHSD suggests that this enzyme has(More)
Thirty-eight normal volunteers and 10 patients with untreated thyrotoxicosis were each given 0.5 ml of Lugol's solution daily for 10 days. On days 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20, serum levels of T4, free T4, T3 and TSH (by sensitive immunoradiometric assay) were measured. In normal subjects, the serum concentrations of free T4 declined significantly at day 10 while(More)
Radon-222 activity concentration has been monitored since 1999 in an underground limestone quarry located in Vincennes, near Paris, France. It is homogeneous in summer, with an average value of 1700 Bq m(-3), and varies from 730 to 1450 Bq m(-3) in winter, indicating natural ventilation with a rate ranging from 0.5 to 2.4 x 10(-6) s(-1) (0.04-0.22 day(-1)).(More)
1. Sex steroids have been shown to regulate the biosynthesis of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD). 2. In vitro studies showed that oestradiol (E2) or testosterone (T) can interfere with the bioassay of enzyme activity, but not progesterone (P4). 3. For in vivo studies, the activity of 11 beta-HSD in the testis of normal and adrenalectomized(More)
The effects of chronic thyroxine treatment on cat soleus muscle contractions were studied. Maximum twitch tension, contraction time, half relaxation time and tension-time integral of maximal twitches of the soleus muscles of thyroxine treated cats were significantly decreased. Consequently, there was a decrease in tension and degree of fusion of incomplete(More)
1. Glucocorticosteroid may relieve bronchospasm by mediating changes in the muscarinic receptor concentration and/or its affinity. 2. Cholinergic muscarinic receptors were determined by using Scatchard's plots from radioligand binding assays of 0.13-3.2 nM [3H]quinuclidinyl benzylate binding to the membrane fraction of bronchial smooth muscle (BSM). 3. The(More)