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We have characterized the ectonucleotidases that catalyse the reaction sequence ATP-->ADP-->AMP-->adenosine on microvascular endothelial cells cultured from the rat heart. Computer simulation and data fitting of progress of reaction curves showed that depletion of substrate at the cell surface dominates the regulation of the rate of hydrolysis of ATP when(More)
1. The activities of ecto- and cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase (EC, adenosine kinase (EC, adenosine deaminase (EC and AMP deaminase (EC were compared in ventricular myocardium from man, rats, rabbits, guinea pigs, pigeons and turtles. The most striking variation was in the activity of the ecto-5'-nucleotidase, which was 20(More)
1 The effects of adenosine, 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA), 2-chloroadenosine, 2-azidoadenosine, and their L-enantiomers were examined on driven left atria, trachea and transmurally stimulated ileum of the guinea-pig. 2 In each tissue the order of potency of the D-enantiomers for producing inhibitory effects was NECA greater than 2-chloroadenosine(More)
1 The effects of adenyl compounds were examined on the guinea-pig and frog heart in terms of the P(1)/P(2)-purinoceptor hypothesis.2 The effects of two slowly degradable adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) analogues; beta,gamma-methylene adenosine 5'-triphosphate (APPCP) and alpha,beta-methylene adenosine 5'-triphosphate (APCPP) were also examined.3 Adenosine,(More)
1. In rat heart perfused with adenosine (10(-6) M), dilazep (10(-4) M) inhibited incorporation of adenosine into nucleotides (an index of nucleoside transport and phosphorylation) to a greater extent (70%) than metabolism to inosine and uric acid (40%) and actually increased the recovery of inosine to 30% of the adenosine infused. 2. Extrapolating for(More)
The incorporation of [3H]adenosine (10 microM) into neonatal-rat heart cell nucleotides was inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner, such that 50% inhibition was obtained with 0.75 microM-dipyridamole, 0.26 microM-hexobendine or 0.22 microM-dilazep. Adenosine formation was accelerated 2.5-fold to 2.1 +/- 0.3 nmol/10(7) cells in 10 min when cells were(More)
We have investigated the kinetic properties of the extracellular reaction sequence ATP----ADP----AMP----adenosine catalyzed by ectonucleotidases at the surface of adult rat cardiac myocytes. Analysis of progress of reaction curves indicates that depletion of substrate at cell surfaces dominates the regulation of the rate of hydrolysis of ATP or of ADP when(More)
8-Phenyltheophylline was more potent than theophylline in antagonizing the inhibitory effects of adenosine in guinea-pig driven left atrium, rabbit basilar artery and electrically stimulated guinea-pig ileum preparations. In guinea-pig atrium and ileum, the antagonism of adenosine responses by the methylxanthines is of a competitive nature, but in rabbit(More)
1 The effects of adenyl compounds were examined on the rat atrium and ventricle. 2 Adenosine, adenosine 5'-monophosphate, adenosine 5'-diphosphate, adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and beta, gamma-methylene ATP (APPCP) produced negative inotropic effects on the rat atrium. These inhibitory effects were antagonized by 8-phenyltheophylline (8-PT), a(More)
1. Studies in rat polymorphonuclear leucocytes have suggested that 5'-deoxy-5'-isobutylthioadenosine (IBTA), an inhibitor of the IMP-selective cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase, may be used to test its role in adenosine formation in intact cells. We investigated adenosine formation in neonatal and adult rat cardiomyocytes. 2. 2-Deoxyglucose (30 mM) with oligomycin(More)