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The increased incidence of nosocomial Legionnaires' disease in two hospitals prompted investigation of possible environmental sources. In the search for an effective DNA-typing technique for use in hospital epidemiology, the performance and convenience of three methods-SfiI macrorestriction analysis (MRA), amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), and(More)
Comparative sequence analysis of a 423-bp segment of the gyrA gene including a region homologous to the quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of other species was evaluated as a novel typing method for Legionella strains. The study was performed with 29 reference strains representing 11 different Legionella species, with various serogroups, and(More)
BACKGROUND A man diagnosed with Stensen's duct stenosis exhibited recurrent parotid swelling, invariably during meals. Previous parotid duct dilations and percutaneous radiotherapy were ineffective. Botulinum toxin (BTX) injections were injected into the affected gland to regulate salivary flow and reduce parotid swelling. METHODS BTX (22.5 units) was(More)
A series of 12 dinuclear complexes [Ln2Cl6(μ-4,4'-bipy)(py)6], Ln=Y, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, (1-12, respectively) was synthesized by an anhydrous solvothermal reaction in pyridine. The complexes contain a 4,4'-bipyridine bridge and exhibit a coordination sphere closely related to luminescent lanthanide MOFs based on LnCl3 and(More)
The series of anhydrous lanthanide chlorides LnCl 3 , Ln ¼ Pr–Tb, and 4,4 0-bipyridine (bipy) constitute isotypic MOFs of the formula 2 N [Ln 2 Cl 6 (bipy) 3 ]$2bipy. The europium and terbium containing compounds both exhibit luminescence of the referring trivalent lanthanide ions, giving a red luminescence for Eu 3+ and a green luminescence for Tb 3+(More)
In Deutschland gibt es keine Daten über die Verbreitung und Anwendungsbereiche von Botulinumtoxin (BoNT) an HNO-Kliniken. Mit dem Ziel, eine Übersicht zur aktuellen Anwendung von BoNT an HNO-Kliniken zu erhalten, wurde die im Folgenden beschriebene Umfrage durchgeführt. An 150 HNO-Kliniken wurde ein standardisierter Fragebogen gesendet. In der Auswertung(More)
The rare case of a metal-triggered broad-band yellow emitter among inorganic-organic hybrid materials was achieved by in situ codoping of the novel imidazolate metal-organic framework ∞(3)[Ba(Im)2] with divalent europium. The emission maximum of this dense framework is in the center of the yellow gap of primary light-emitting diode phosphors. Up to 20% Eu2+(More)
A poorly water soluble acidic active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) was transformed into an ionic liquid (IL) aiming at faster and higher oral availability in comparison to a prodrug. API preparations were characterized in solid state by single crystal and powder diffraction, NMR, DSC, IR and in solution by NMR and ESI-MS. Dissolution and precipitation(More)
The mixed valence europium nitridosilicate Eu(2)SiN(3) has been synthesized at 900 degrees C in welded tantalum ampules starting from europium and silicon diimide Si(NH)(2) in a lithium flux. The structure of the black material has been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis (Cmca (no. 64), a = 542.3(11) pm, b = 1061.0(2) pm, c = 1162.9(2)(More)
An extended member of the isoreticular family of metal-imidazolate framework structures, IFP-6 (IFP=imidazolate framework Potsdam), based on cadmium metal and an in situ functionalized 2-methylimidazolate-4-amide-5-imidate linker is reported. A porous 3D framework with 1D hexagonal channels with accessible pore windows of 0.52 nm has been synthesized by(More)