P. Marquina Vila

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Results: Although various other measures have certain advantages over years of potential life lost, the decision to use YPLL75 in the Rankings is based on two main points: First, its focus on premature and preventable mortality, and second, rather than using the number of deaths to summarize mortality, YPLL is a measure of the number of years of life lost(More)
INTRODUCTION Successful interventions to reduce the high rate of smoking among male physicians in China might contribute to reduction in tobacco use in the country overall. Better characterization of smoking, barriers to quitting, and smoking-related knowledge, attitudes, and patient practices in this physician population will help plan such interventions(More)
The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation has published a supplement to this issue of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery featuring the updated "Clinical Practice Guideline: Otitis Media with Effusion." To assist in implementing the guideline recommendations, this article summarizes the rationale, purpose, and key action(More)
Esophageal adenocarcinoma carries a poor prognosis, as it typically presents at a late stage. Thus, a major research priority is the development of novel diagnostic-imaging strategies that can detect neoplastic lesions earlier and more accurately than current techniques. Advances in optical imaging allow clinicians to obtain real-time histopathologic(More)
Metastatic lymph nodes (LN) are an adverse prognostic factor in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In this study, we tested the hypothesis that nodal metastases have reduced impact on survival in tonsil cancer in the HPV-predominant era. Incidence and mortality data of tonsil and oral cavity SCC between 1988 and 2007 were obtained from the SEER(More)
Performance measures (PMs), or quality indicators, are metrics based on objective data that allow one to assess whether a system achieves a prespecified goal. Given the relatively high level of resource utilization and potential morbidity associated with cochlear implantation (CI), PMs could be used to evaluate quality of care provided by implant centers(More)
Inpatient rounding is an agelong tradition in the field of medicine. Among recent changes in health care, rounding is understudied as an area of research. The purpose of this study was to assess current methods of inpatient rounding in otolaryngology residency programs and assess satisfaction with current practices. Survey questions were designed by members(More)
Objectives Pediatric eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD), otitis media with effusion (OME), and tympanic membrane retraction (TMR) have been well studied, but no large analyses have described the associated burden beyond childhood. The potential impact and feasibility of prospective trials designed to optimize management of affected adults are thus unclear.(More)
OBJECTIVE This update of a 2004 guideline codeveloped by the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Academy of Family Physicians, provides evidence-based recommendations to manage otitis media with effusion (OME), defined as the presence of fluid in the middle ear without(More)
recommendations of 5-ASA use. Th e truth is many patients decide to stop their drugs when feeling well even if it is recommended to remain on 5-ASA to prevent relapse. Second, in this study we were measuring cumulative use so “ user ” patients did not have to consistently remain on the drug and many patients may wax and wane in their use. Th ird, the(More)