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Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) have recently been discovered to regulate mRNA transcription in trans, a role traditionally reserved for proteins. The breadth of ncRNAs as transacting transcriptional regulators and the diversity of signals to which they respond are only now becoming recognized. Here we show that human Alu RNA, transcribed from short interspersed(More)
This study aimed to identify signaling pathways that oppose connective tissue fibrosis in the aortic valve. Using valvular interstitial cells (VICs) isolated from porcine aortic valve leaflets, we show that basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) effectively blocks transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1)-mediated myofibroblast activation. FGF-2 prevents(More)
OBJECTIVE Calcific aortic stenosis, characterized by excessive fibrosis and deposition of bone-like calcified tissue, affects roughly 2% to 3% of the U.S. population over the age of 65. Recent studies have suggested that statins have a positive effect on the progression of aoritic stenosis, likely because of their ability to affect the resident cell(More)
Medtronic's INFUSE Bone Graft provides surgeons with a potent tool for stimulating bone formation. Current delivery vehicles that rely on Absorbable Collagen Sponges (ACS) require excessive quantities of the active ingredient in INFUSE, recombinant human Bone Morphogenic Protein-2 (rhBMP2), to achieve physiologically relevant concentrations of the growth(More)
Sucharov, Carmen C., Peter D. Mariner, Karin R. Nunley, Carlin Long, Leslie Leinwand, and Michael R. Bristow. A 1adrenergic receptor CaM kinase II-dependent pathway mediates cardiac myocyte fetal gene induction. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 291: H1299–H1308, 2006. First published February 24, 2006; doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00017.2006.— -Adrenergic signaling(More)
In the work presented here, we elucidate a mechanism for the repression of alpha-myosin heavy chain (MyHC) during pathological cardiac hypertrophy. We demonstrate that the transcription factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1) significantly decreases endogenous alpha-MyHC mRNA and protein expression in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. Furthermore, mutation of the YY1(More)
Thiol-ene-based poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels provide a unique functional platform for the sustained and localized delivery of bioactive small molecules like glucocorticoids. As a proof of concept, the synthetic glucocorticoid Dexamethasone (Dex) was conjugated to the N-terminus of a matrix metalloproteinase(MMP)-degradable peptide, which was then(More)
OBJECTIVE Segmental bony defects resulting from congenital facial anomalies, facial trauma, infection, or oncologic surgical resection represent a common and significant clinical problem. Currently, these defects are reconstructed with autologous or allogeneic bone grafts or prosthetic devices. These options are limited by bone supply for grafting, donor(More)
A summary is presented for the total system model used to represent physical processes associated with the seven scenario classes (i.e., nominal conditions, early waste package (WP) failure, early drip shield (DS) failure, igneous intrusive events, igneous eruptive events, seismic ground motion events and seismic fault displacement events) considered in the(More)
The high water content of hydrogels allows these materials to closely mimic the native biological extracellular conditions, but it also makes difficult the histological preparation of hydrogel-based bioengineered tissue. Paraffin-embedding techniques require dehydration of hydrogels, resulting in substantial collapse and deformation, whereas cryosectioning(More)