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It is widely believed that inhibitory synapses are not present or present in only small numbers in the rodent cerebral cortex during the early postnatal period when the cortex is being innervated by thalamocortical fibers. Quantitative electron microscopy was carried out on the posteromedial barrel subfield of mouse somatosensory cortex from postnatal day 4(More)
In the present work we discuss several sampling procedures commonly used for counting synapses in the cerebral cortex. We compare, within the same tissue, two frequently used sterereological methods for determining the numerical density of synapses per unit volume, using as an example the estimation of the number of types of synapses by layers in the(More)
We conducted a double blind controlled trial in 28 Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients with Deflazacort (DF), an oxazoline derivative of prednisolone which reduces its side-effects. Myometric muscle strength measurements, Scott Score and timed tests showed statistically significant improvement for the treated group (P less than 0.05). Side-effects(More)
At variance with the rat, previous observations disclosed the presence of long interlaminar astroglial processes in the cerebral cortex of adult nonhuman primates. To examine its presence in human cerebral cortex, samples of frontal and temporal cerebral cortices were obtained during programmed brain surgery from a young patient with an intraventricular(More)
Quantitative electron microscopic methods were used to study possible alterations in presumptive excitatory and inhibitory synaptic circuits in human neocortex removed from patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. Synaptic density was compared between normal and abnormal regions as identified by Nissl staining and immunocytochemistry for the(More)
The peritumoural neocortex removed from epileptic patients represents an important region for research because of its possible relationship to the generation, maintenance, and propagation of seizures. The peritumoural neocortex removed from an epileptic patient showing a regrowth of an anaplastic astrocytoma was examined in detail using immunocytochemistry(More)
Immunocytochemical methods were used to study alterations in inhibitory neuronal circuits in human neocortex resected during surgical treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy associated or not with brain tumours. The epileptogenic cortex was characterized and divided into spiking or non-spiking zones by intraoperative electrocorticography (ECOG). The(More)
Early hypothyroidism produces a generalized damage in the brain and in particular, changes in the connectivity of neocortical sensory areas. In this paper, the potential alterations in local neocortical circuits have been explored using immunocytochemistry for parvalbumin (PV) in normal and hypothyroid adult rats. The number and radial distribution of(More)
The microanatomy of the human lateral temporal cortex removed from patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy was studied using correlative light and electron microscopic immunocytochemical methods for the localization of the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin (PV). PV immunostaining was mainly used to label a subpopulation of powerful cortical(More)