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Biomechanical forces are emerging as critical regulators of embryogenesis, particularly in the developing cardiovascular system. After initiation of the heartbeat in vertebrates, cells lining the ventral aspect of the dorsal aorta, the placental vessels, and the umbilical and vitelline arteries initiate expression of the transcription factor Runx1 (refs(More)
Capillary morphogenesis is a complex cellular process that occurs in response to external stimuli. A number of assays have been used to study critical regulators of the process, but those assays are typically limited by the inability to control biochemical gradients and to obtain images on the single cell level. We have recently developed a new microfluidic(More)
Vascular endothelial cells rapidly transduce local mechanical forces into biological signals through numerous processes including the activation of focal adhesion sites. To examine the mechanosensing capabilities of these adhesion sites, focal adhesion translocation was monitored over the course of 5 min with GFP-paxillin while applying nN-level magnetic(More)
The regulation of valvular endothelial phenotypes by the hemodynamic environments of the human aortic valve is poorly understood. The nodular lesions of calcific aortic stenosis (CAS) develop predominantly beneath the aortic surface of the valve leaflets in the valvular fibrosa layer. However, the mechanisms of this regional localization remain poorly(More)
Alterations in hemodynamic shear stress acting on the vascular endothelium are critical for adaptive arterial remodeling. The molecular mechanisms regulating this process, however, remain largely uncharacterized. Here, we sought to define the responses evoked in endothelial cells exposed to shear stress waveforms characteristic of coronary collateral(More)
Functional endothelialized networks constitute a critical building block for vascularized replacement tissues, organ assist devices, and laboratory tools for in vitro discovery and evaluation of new therapeutic compounds. Progress towards realization of these functional artificial vasculatures has been gated by limitations associated with the mechanical and(More)
Living cells respond to mechanical stimulation in a variety of ways that affect nearly every aspect of their function. Such responses can range from changes in cell morphology to activation of signaling cascades and changes in cell phenotype. Although the biochemical signaling pathways activated by mechanical stimulus have been extensively studied, little(More)
In this paper we propose a machine learning approach for the detection of gaseous traces in thermal infra red hyperspectral images. It exploits both spectral and spatial information by extracting subcubes and by using extremely randomized trees with multiple outputs as a classifier. Promising results are shown on a dataset of more than 60 hypercubes.
Due to the condition of the original material, there are unavoidable flaws in this reproduction. We have made every effort possible to provide you with the best copy available. If you are dissatisfied with this product and find it unusable, please contact Document Services as soon as possible. Acknowledgements For their support throughout the work and(More)
Involve manually tagging/annotating each image, and using traditional discrete data sorting techniques, such as hashing, to search images using the tags/annotations/groups of annotations. As of 2009, Flickr had 3.4 Billion Images, PhotoBucket had 7.2 Billion, Facebook had 15 Billion, and ImageShack had 20 Billion. However, none of these sites allow(More)
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