P. M. Walmsley

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Turbulence, produced by an impulsive spin down from angular velocity Omega to rest of a cube-shaped container, is investigated in superfluid 4He at temperatures 0.08 K-1.6 K. The density of quantized vortex lines L is measured by scattering negative ions. Homogeneous turbulence develops after time t approximately 20/Omega and decays as L proportional,(More)
Declaration I hereby declare that my thesis is not substantially the same as any that I have submitted for a degree or diploma or other qualification at any other University. I further state that no part of my thesis has already been or is being concurrently submitted for any such degree, diploma or other qualification. I hereby declare that my thesis does(More)
We have used torsional oscillators, containing disk-shaped slabs of superfluid (3)He-A, to probe the chiral orbital textures created by cooling into the superfluid state while continuously rotating. Comparing the observed flow-driven textural transitions with numerical simulations of possible textures shows that an oriented monodomain texture with l(More)
By injecting negative ions in superfluid 4He in the zero-temperature limit (T<or=0.5 K), we have generated tangles of quantized vortex line with negligible large-scale flow. For this quantum regime of superfluid turbulence, the vortex line length L was found to decay at late time t as L proportional to t{-1}, the prefactor being independent of the initial(More)
We have studied the interaction of metastable 4He2* excimer molecules with quantized vortices in superfluid 4He in the zero temperature limit. The vortices were generated by either rotation or ion injection. The trapping diameter of the molecules on quantized vortices was found to be 96±6  nm at a pressure of 0.1 bar and 27±5  nm at 5.0 bar. We have also(More)
A flow-induced Fréedericksz transition is observed in a 0.26 mm thick disk-shaped slab of superfluid 3He-A using a rotating cryostat and a torsional oscillator, and it is used to detect vortices in zero magnetic field. The phenomena are studied as a function of magnetic field normal to the slab. In defect-free l texture the critical velocity for vortex(More)
We compare the decay of turbulence in superfluid ^{4}He produced by a moving grid to the decay of turbulence created by either impulsive spin-down to rest or by intense ion injection. In all cases, the vortex line density L decays at late time t as L∝t^{-3/2}. At temperatures above 0.8 K, all methods result in the same rate of decay. Below 0.8 K, the(More)
We present the first observation of substantial persistent flow in superfluid 3He-A in thick simply connected slabs in a zero magnetic field, but only in l textures with domain walls. The flow is induced in a rotating cryostat using a torsional oscillator as a probe. The hysteretic dependences of the trapped vorticity on the maximal angular velocity of(More)
Collisions in a beam of unidirectional quantized vortex rings of nearly identical radii R in superfluid 4He in the limit of zero temperature (0.05 K) were studied using time-of-flight spectroscopy. Reconnections between two primary rings result in secondary vortex loops of both smaller and larger radii. Discrete steps in the distribution of flight times,(More)
We report results from ongoing experiments on the dynamics of quantized vortices in superfluid He at temperatures below 0.2 K. Charged vortex rings of micron size were used to detect the presence of vortices, to create a turbulent tangle, and to charge an array of rectilinear vortex lines. The results reveal that the ion technique has great potential for(More)