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Philosophical foundations of neuroscience. The problem at issue here is the nature of connection between the features of the experiments described in psychological ... Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience (2003) is a close philosophical scrutiny of neuroscience. At 480-odd pages it provides engaging reading for those Philosophical Foundations of(More)
1. 'A baffling doctrine, bafflingly presented' That there are things that cannot be put into words, but which make themselves manifest (TLP 6.522) is a leitmotif running through the whole of the Tractatus. It is heralded in the preface, in which the author summarizes the whole sense of the book in the sentence 'What can be said at all can be said clearly,(More)
The experimental study of the emotions as pursued by LeDoux and Damasio is argued to be flawed as a consequence of the inadequate conceptual framework inherited from the work of William James. This paper clarifies the conceptual structures necessary for any discussion of the emotions. Emotions are distinguished from appetites and other non-emotional(More)
Biologists have studied the expression of emotions in man and other animals since at least 1806, when Charles Bell published his Anatomy and Physiology of Expression. We trace the main experimental developments since that time, including Darwin's investigations into the evolution of innate forms of expression of emotions, as well as those into cognitive(More)
Mastery of a language is a capacity that distinguishes humans from other animals. Attempts to identify the brain functions that are necessary for the possession of linguistic skills began in the 19th century with the research of Broca and Wernicke. We trace the principal experimental developments since then, ranging from psychological studies of aphasic(More)
Neuroscientists, in the last half of the 20th century, provided major insights into the cellular and molecular mechanisms associated with seeing and remembering. We first identify some of the most important of these discoveries. This is done along lines familiar to neuroscientists who have read many of the recent books and reviews that provide an overview(More)
Neuroscientific reflection on the integrative action of the nervous system was dominated by consideration of the motor system from the time of Aristotle in the 4th century B.C. to that of Sherrington, his contemporaries and proteges in the first-half of the 20th century. We describe the significant discoveries concerning the action of the spinal cord and(More)
According to a wide variety of scholars, scientists, and policy-makers, neuroscience promises to transform law. Many neurolegal-ists—those championing the power of neuroscience for law—proceed from problematic premises regarding the relationship of mind to brain. In this Article, Professors Pardo and Patterson make the case that neurolegalists' accounts of(More)