P M Rougraff

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3-Hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase (3-hydroxy-2-methyl propanoate: NAD+ oxidoreductase, EC 1.1.1.31) was purified 1800-fold from rabbit liver by detergent extraction, differential solubility in polyethylene glycol and (NH4)2SO4, and column chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel, phenyl-Sepharose, CM(carboxymethyl)-Sepharose, Affi-Gel Blue, and Ultrogel AcA-34. The(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the long-terrm effectiveness of fornix suture placement combined with a lateral tarsal strip procedure in correcting involutional entropion. Published reports regarding various surgical techniques and results are reviewed. METHODS This retrospective study reviewed 119 patients with involutional lower eyelid entropion who underwent(More)
A 1.7-kilobase pair cDNA clone encoding 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase has been isolated by screening a rat liver lambda gt11 library with a 17-base oligonucleotide probe which corresponds to a portion of the N-terminal amino acid sequence of rabbit liver 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase. The cDNA contains an open reading frame of 1038 base pairs(More)
Three overlapping cDNA clones encoding methylmalonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase (MMSDH; 2-methyl-3-oxopropanoate:NAD+ oxidoreductase (CoA-propanoylating); EC 1.2.1.27) have been isolated by screening a rat liver lambda gt 11 library with nondegenerate oligonucleotide probes synthesized according to polymerase chain reaction-amplified portions coding for(More)
Methylmalonate semialdehyde dehydrogenase was purified from rat liver in order to define the distal portion of valine catabolism and related pathways in mammals. The purified enzyme is active with malonate semialdehyde and consumes both stereoisomers of methylmalonate semialdehyde, implicating a single semialdehyde dehydrogenase in the catabolism of valine,(More)
The hepatic branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex plays an important role in regulating branched-chain amino acid levels. These compounds are essential for protein synthesis but toxic if present in excess. When dietary protein is deficient, the hepatic enzyme is converted to the inactive, phosphorylated state to conserve branched-chain amino(More)
Rat 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase shares sequence homology with the short-chain alcohol dehydrogenases. Site-directed mutagenesis and chemical modifications were used to examine the roles of cysteine residues and other residues conserved in this family of enzymes. It was found that a highly conserved tyrosine residue, Y162 in 3-hydroxyisobutyrate(More)
Arylamine acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.5) was purified 120-fold from chicken liver. The enzyme showed a rise in activity from pH 6.5 to 7.7 followed by a constant activity to about pH 8.6. The relative molecular weight of the enzyme was about 34,000. The apparent Km for acetyl-CoA was 13 microM with 4-nitroaniline as acetyl-acceptor. CoA was a noncompetitive(More)