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Circumsporozoite (CS) proteins are the major proteins found on the surface of salivary gland sporozoites and are the protective antigens of several species of malaria parasites. Little is known about the distribution of CS proteins in developing oocysts, however. Immunoelectron microscopy with protein A-gold and a monoclonal antibody specific for the CS(More)
We describe here the sequence of the circumsporozoite protein gene of the monkey malaria parasite Plasmodium brasilianum and show that the immunodominant repeat domain is the same as that of the human malaria parasite, Plasmodium malariae. The immunodominant epitope on the surface of sporozoites of a third species of human malaria parasite has, therefore,(More)
The distribution of the circumsporozoite protein within developing Plasmodium malariae oocysts and salivary gland sporozoites was examined by immunoelectron microscopy using protein A-gold and a monoclonal antibody specific for the CS protein of P. malariae. Gold particles were found along the capsule of immature oocysts but rarely within the cytoplasm.(More)
Primary cultures of human hepatocytes, a culture-derived clone from the human hepatoma Hep G2 line, and cultured rat hepatocytes were inoculated in vitro with Plasmodium ovale sporozoites extracted from Anopheles stephensi, An. gambiae, and An. dirus mosquitoes. Penetration and differentiation of P. ovale sporozoites into trophozoite stage parasites(More)
A monoclonal antibody specific for a repeated epitope of the circumsporozoite protein of Plasmodium malariae sporozoites has been used to develop a two-site, single antibody-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay that can detect P. malariae sporozoites in mosquitoes. The assay uses a purified monoclonal antibody produced against sporozoites of the Uganda(More)
A protocol was developed for the testing of blood stage vaccines against Plasmodium falciparum using Peruvian Aotus vociferans and the Indochina I/CDC strain of the parasite. Three different fused polypeptide vaccines containing elements of the ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen molecule combined with Freund's complete and Freund's incomplete(More)
The role of circulating peripheral blood momonuclear cells (PBMC) in mediating protective immunity was examined during an immunization trial in Saimiri monkeys. Three engineered constructs representing different but overlapping regions of the circumsporozoite (CS) protein of Plasmodium vivax were used to immunize the Saimiri monkeys. Monkeys were randomly(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) have been produced against Plasmodium ovale sporozoites and used to characterize the circumsporozoite (CS) protein. Six MAbs were produced, and all were species specific. By using Western blot (immunoblot) analysis, three polypeptides were detected: a predominant 51,000-Mr polypeptide and two presumed precursor 57,000- and(More)
A nitrocellulose (NC) membrane was evaluated as a solid-phase support for the detection of malaria-infected mosquitos using monoclonal antibodies (MAb) with a laboratory model based on Plasmodium inui and Anopheles dirus. MAbs produced against sporozoites of the N34 strain of P. inui, and selected by immunofluorescence assay and the circumsporozoite(More)