P. M. D. Gray

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Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris, a thermoacidophilic, spore-forming bacterium, has been identified as a spoilage organism in commercial, pasteurized fruit juices. This study was undertaken to evaluate chlorine dioxide for reducing numbers of A. acidoterrestris spores on laboratory media and on apples. A. acidoterrestris spores in aqueous suspension and on(More)
Cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP), a bacterial signaling molecule, possesses protective immunostimulatory activity in bacterial challenge models. This study explored the potential of c-di-GMP as a vaccine adjuvant comparing it with LPS, CpG oligonucleotides, and a conventional aluminum salt based adjuvant. In this evaluation, c-di-GMP was a more potent(More)
Salmonellosis outbreaks related to consumption of raw almonds have encouraged the scientific community to study the inactivation kinetics of pathogens in this dry commodity. However, the low moisture content of the product presents a challenge for thermal control, because the time required to achieve the desired thermal inactivation of microorganisms(More)
Adoptive transfer studies have shown that cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) of high avidity, capable of recognizing low levels of peptide-MHC I molecules, are more efficient at reducing viral titers than are low-avidity CTL, thus establishing CTL avidity as a critical parameter for the ability of a CTL to clear virus in vivo. It has been well documented that(More)
Pichia pastoris is a methylotropic yeast that has gained great importance as an organism for protein expression in recent years. Here, we report the expression of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in glycoengineered P. pastoris. We show that glycosylation fidelity is maintained in fermentation volumes spanning six orders of magnitude and that the(More)
For many respiratory pathogens, CD8+ T cells have been shown to play a critical role in clearance. However, there are still many unanswered questions with regard to the factors that promote the most efficacious immune response and the potential for immunoregulation of effector cells at the local site of infection. We have used infection of the respiratory(More)
Following intranasal administration, the model paramyxovirus simian virus 5 (SV5) establishes an infection in the respiratory tract of mice, which is subsequently cleared by CD8+ T cells. In this study, we sought to understand the maturation of the antiviral immune response over time by assessing the functional avidity of the responding T cells and the(More)
Structurally assigning a protein by 2D NMR is a very time consuming and error prone task if done manually. ASSASSIN has been developed to help automate this task by making use of the constraint logic programming language CHIP. There are two separate modules, or agents. The first module concentrates on the detailed analysis of the spectra while the second(More)
The increased potency of high avidity CD8+ T cells for the clearance of viral infections has been well documented. We have previously reported the novel finding that intranasal infection with the paramyxovirus SV5 induces a CD8+ T cell response to the SV5 P protein that is almost exclusively of high avidity. Based on our results that the level of peptide(More)
A new rapid method for monitoring coliforms was developed on the basis of the instant gelling effects of alginate and calcium. The effectiveness of this new method in the detection of coliforms was evaluated. Tests involving Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, total coliforms in milk, cold-injured coliforms, and total coliforms in(More)