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Electroantennograms (EAGs) of the distal and proximal primary rhinaria (DPR and PPR, respectively) were recorded from excised antennae of alate virginoparous pea aphids,Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) (Homoptera: Aphididae). Primary unsaturated alcohols and aldehydes with varying carbon length (C4-C8) were used as volatile stimuli. EAGs were recorded for a(More)
Clover yellow vein virus (CYVV) and homologous antisera were used to test effects of time and temperature on enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in polystyrene substrate plates. Replicated lattice square and Youden square experimental designs were used to measure and account for variation in absorption values associated with sample position within(More)
A degree-day model was derived to predict egg hatch for Criconemella xenoplax. Eggs collected from gravid females were incubated in distilled water at constant temperatures of 10-35 C. Sixty-six percent of all eggs hatched between 13 and 32 C, and 42% hatched at 10 C. All eggs aborted above 32.5 C. Between 25 and 32 C, 8.5 +/- 0.5 days were required for egg(More)
Strategies are analyzed for maximizing the ultimate limit to truncation selection for a quantitative trait in finite populations. By using a formulation of Kimura and Crow [Kimura, M. & Crow, J. F. (1978) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 75, 6168-6171], it is shown that the limit is maximized by truncating at the mode with the highest ordinate of the phenotypic(More)
ABSTRACT A quantitative bioassay that translates preferences of axenically cultured and field population of Ditylenchus dipsaci, observed in vitro, into relative attractiveness of sterile root exudates preparations and their components is described. Onion (Allium cepa cv. White Lisbon) root exudates (ORE) are consistently and significantly much more(More)
Adult Drosophila melanogaster flies collected from populations broadly dispersed over ecological and geographic strata of North Carolina, and over a period of 4 years, were analyzed for alcohol dehydrogenase phenotypes by gel electrophoresis. Gene frequencies in spring-summer-fall field collections were remarkably stable over all strata. Two winter(More)
Software packages for radioimmunoassay calibration assume that expected counting rate is a function of ligand dose. Previous studies have indicated that variances of counting rate are also related to dose, but the structure of individual assays does not permit precise estimation of counting rate variances at individual doses. The method described here uses(More)