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The authors describe the relationship of three coping styles to affective state (mood) and perceived social support in 29 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected homosexual/bisexual men between the ages of 18 and 45 years. Active-behavioral coping was significantly related to enhanced mood and greater perceived social support. Avoidance coping was(More)
A study of subject compliance within an experimental anti-HIV drug protocol was conducted with 40 asymptomatic HIV seropositive persons participating in a double-blind, placebo controlled trial of the effectiveness of ZDV. Subject compliance was assessed through the use of study nurse independent ratings. The 20 most compliant and 20 least compliant(More)
Two hundred and eleven male street prostitutes were interviewed and administered the SCL 90-R psychological symptom checklist. When compared to nonpatient normals, male prostitutes exhibited significantly higher levels of psychopathology. However, when compared to adult psychiatric outpatients, male prostitutes exhibited significantly less psychopathology(More)
The authors' objective in the study reported here was to gather data on the stress and coping of medical students in order to design a health promotion and wellness program. A retrospective questionnaire was completed by 71 of 157 graduating seniors. Examinations, classwork, and financial responsibilities were considered the three most stressful aspects of(More)
A retrospective attitude questionnaire was administered to 70 of 157 graduating seniors at the end of the medical school year. Students perceived that they became more cynical during medical education. In addition, they perceived that they were more concerned with making money, more concerned for patients, and more helpful. These findings relate to the(More)
PURPOSE To educate health care practitioners about medication compliance by having them play the role of patients who have been placed on a medication regimen. METHODS In 1988, ten physicians and ten nurses working in the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Clinical Trials Unit of Tulane University and Louisiana State University participated in a(More)
In-depth, qualitative discussion using the nominal group technique examined freshmen's perceived susceptibility to AIDS and barriers to prevention. Groups were led by dormitory resident advisors as a follow-up to a survey questionnaire of college students' knowledge and beliefs about AIDS. Students' comments showed that many misunderstandings lay behind an(More)
Two hundred and eleven New Orleans male street prostitutes were interviewed and tested for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The subjects' lifestyle characteristics and their sex and drug use practices were evaluated to determine the prostitutes' potential to function as a vector for transmission of HIV into populations with currently(More)