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To investigate the role of glutamate transport in non-synaptic glia, we characterized the expression of three major glutamate transporters (EAAC1, GLAST and GLT-1) in rat optic nerve in situ using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in combination with Western blot and immunochemistry with specific antibodies. GLAST was localized to(More)
The anti-immobility effect of the selective melatonin receptor antagonist, luzindole, was investigated in the behavioral despair test using three different strains (C3H/HeN, C57BL/6J and albino ND/4) of mice. The time of immobility of the C3H/HeN during the 240 s swimming period measured at noon (12:00 to 14:00 h) was 47.8 +/- 3.0 s (n = 63) and at midnight(More)
This study utilized quantitative receptor autoradiography to examine the effects of repeated administration of antidepressants to rats on the binding of the beta adrenoceptor antagonist, 125I-iodopindolol (125I-IPIN) to either beta-1 or beta-2 adrenoceptors in various regions of brain. Antidepressants were selected to represent various chemical and(More)
The functional status of platelet alpha 2-adrenoceptors in patients with major depression has been assessed by simultaneously measuring both a biochemical mechanism of transduction of receptor activation (inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity) and a physiologic response of the receptor (induction of aggregation). The inhibitory effects induced by(More)
It has been suggested that 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin)-containing neurons influence the regulation of central beta adrenoceptors caused by antidepressants. [3H]Dihydroalprenolol ( [3H] DHA) was the radioligand used in these previous studies to measure beta adrenoceptors. In this study, we compared the binding characteristics of [3H]DHA with those of(More)
There are few in vivo studies which have investigated the modulation of central postsynaptic alpha2-adrenoceptors functionality provoked by stress. We assessed in the rat the effects of either single or repeated tail pinch on clonidine-induced inhibition of the jaw-opening reflex (JOR) via activation of postsynaptic central alpha2-adrenoceptors. At the end(More)
Daily dyadic resident-intruder encounters and uninterrupted cohabitation in pairs were used to assess the impact of different durations (5 and 15 days) of dominance and subordination experiences on splenic lymphoproliferative responses in male OF1 strain mice. HPA axis activity was assessed by measuring serum corticosterone levels, whereas splenic(More)
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