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We assessed the linearity of oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics for several work intensities in four trained cyclists. VO2 was measured breath by breath during transitions from 33 W (baseline) to work rates requiring 38, 54, 85, and 100% of maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max). Each subject repeated each work rate four times over 8 test days. In every case, three(More)
System linearity was assessed for exercise induced changes in energetics of forearm exercise. 31P-NMR spectroscopy techniques, with 12.5-s serial measurements of [PCr], [Pi], [ATP], and [H+] were employed during exercise and recovery transitions in four untrained men for moderate (1.7 W) and heavy (3.6 W) exercise. Signal averaging was applied and data were(More)
Estimation of energy expenditure (EE) by heart-rate (HR) monitoring (HRM) assumes that the relation between HR and oxygen consumption (VO2) is stable between days and within a day. To evaluate this assumption, 12 healthy subjects underwent an HR-VO2 calibration session on two mornings and two afternoons, with one morning and one afternoon session on the(More)
This study was designed to derive and test a model of energy expenditure (dE/dt) during different modes of human muscle action in vivo. dE/dt for the quadriceps muscle was expressed as: dEquad/dt = Kl(omega) + K2(Tiso) + dW/dt. where K1 and K2 are constants, (omega) is joint angular velocity (degree/sec), (Tiso) represents the knee extension torque that(More)
1H NMR spin-lattice relaxation times (T1) of the N-CH3 proton resonances of phosphocreatine (PCr) and creatine (Cr) in water solutions were obtained using the 1,3,3,1 pulse sequence. These T1 values were equivalent to those obtained in D2O and water using either the conventional inversion-recovery experiment or the 1,3,3,1 pulse sequence. Thus, the 1,3,3,1(More)
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