P. Lionel Sadowsky

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The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare the shear bond strengths and bond failure locations of 2 currently available orthodontic ceramic brackets. Forty polycrystalline ceramic brackets (Clarity, 3M Unitek, Monrovia, Calif) and 40 monocrystalline ceramic brackets (Inspire, Ormco, Orange, Calif) were bonded to 80 extracted premolars with(More)
The purpose of the present study was to test a new in vivo debonding device and compare in vivo bond strengths recorded by this device with in vitro bond strengths recorded by a universal testing machine such as the Instron. For the in vitro part of the study, 60 extracted premolar teeth were divided into 2 groups of 30 each. Both groups of 30 teeth had 3M(More)
The objectives of the present study were to measure and compare the bond strength and failure sites of a currently available ceramic bracket (Transcend 3M-Unitek) with the new metal reinforced ceramic bracket (Clarity 3M-Unitek) and to evaluate the amount of composite left on the tooth using the Adhesive Remnant Index in the teeth that were debonded with(More)
Experimental and clinical studies find that orthodontic appliances can produce artifacts in MRI, mostly in the facial region. Removal of removable components, especially archwires, with close checking of the security of banded and bonded attachments, should be sufficient in most cases requiring this diagnostic procedure.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the soft tissue profile "line drawings" predicted by Quick Ceph Image in combined maxillary and mandibular orthognathic surgical procedures. Preoperative (mean = 27.7 days presurgical) and posttreatment (mean = 11.5 months postsurgical) lateral cephalograms of 40 white patients (10 males and 30(More)
A prospective study of 28 growing children (mean age of 8 years 3 months) with Class III malocclusions was consecutively treated using rapid maxillary expansion and maxillary protraction. All patients were treated from a negative overjet to a positive overjet and from a Class III dental malocclusion to a Class I dental relationship. For each patient, a(More)
Etching of enamel before the bonding of orthodontic attachments is usually done with a solution of 37% H3PO4 for 60 seconds. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of etchant concentration and duration on the clinical retention of bonded orthodontic attachments. Two randomly selected groups of orthodontic patients participated in the study.(More)
This study was designed to assess the perceived optimal profiles of African Americans versus white Americans. A survey was conducted using profile silhouettes of 30 African American and 30 white patients, ranging in age from 7 to 17 years. Twenty white orthodontists, 18 African American orthodontists, 20 white laypersons, and 20 African American laypersons(More)
The present study was conducted to determine the effects of curve of Spee leveling on three-dimensional arch length and specific components of arch form. The mandibular pretreatment and posttreatment dental casts of 33 patients treated orthodontically without the extraction of teeth were digitized with a three-dimensional positioning transducer integrated(More)