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AIMS The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors characterized by insulin resistance. We investigated the relationship of the MetS and its single components, defined by all six different criteria, with coronary heart disease (CHD), cardiovascular disease (CVD), and all-cause mortality in a prospective(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated whether the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components defined by four different criteria including subjects with prevalent diabetes in their definitions were associated with congestive heart failure (CHF) independent of interim myocardial infarction (MI) and prevalent diabetes during a 20-year follow-up in an elderly(More)
Plasma catecholamine levels were studied in 45 severely injured patients for 8 days after the trauma. Sixteen of the patients were classified as critically injured and 29 as seriously injured. The total plasma catecholamine values of the whole group immediately after the injury were almost twice as high as the eighth day reference values and remained(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the relationship of the metabolic syndrome and its single components, defined by four different criteria, with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) in a prospective population-based study. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The metabolic syndrome was defined according to the World Health Organization (WHO), the National Cholesterol(More)
The role of endogenous catecholamines in various clinical shock and stress states is reviewed; the effects, especially on the peripheral circulation, of catecholamine secretion are the same independent of the cause. Risks of using sympathomimetic agents in the treatment of shock are evaluated. A prolonged noradrenaline activity is to be expected in surgical(More)
The operative results of 79 patients subjected to posterior fusion of the lumbosacral spine were evaluated on the basis of a follow-up examination performed on average 5.4 years after operation. A method of evaluation was developed which measured the patients' subjective improvement and working capacity. The method proved appropriate for clinical use and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Limited information is available on the role of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) to predict stroke. We investigated the relationship of the MetS and its single components, defined by 6 different criteria, with stroke in a prospective population-based study. METHODS The MetS was defined according to the World Health Organization, the(More)