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The present study investigated whether pregnancy and circulatory ovarian hormones increase the sensitivity of the mesenteric artery to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-induced relaxation and possible mechanisms involved in this process. Mesenteric arteries from young adult male rats or female rats (during estrous cycle, after ovariectomy, at Day 20 of(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a potent vasodilator primarily synthesized in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons, has been shown to decrease vascular resistance and thus regulate blood flow to a variety of organs in rats. Serum CGRP levels in the human have been reported to increase with pregnancy and decrease postpartum. It has been suggested that(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a vasodilatory peptide, and it is primarily synthesized in dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Plasma CGRP levels increase during pregnancy and with steroid hormones, and nerve growth factor (NGF) stimulates calcitonin/CGRP promoter and CGRP synthesis in DRG. We previously showed that CGRP levels in DRG were stimulated with(More)
In dorsal root ganglia (DRG) cell cultures, levels of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) are increased in the presence of ovarian hormones and nerve growth factor (NGF). In addition, injection of ovariectomized rats with ovarian hormones led to an increase in levels of two NGF receptors, TrkA and p75(NTR), in DRG. Thus, we hypothesized that increased(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a potent vasodilator neuropeptide known to be involved in the regulation of vascular tone. Results of previous studies from our laboratory and others suggest that vascular sensitivity to CGRP is enhanced during pregnancy and that the female sex steroid hormones estradiol-17beta (E2) and progesterone (P4) may be(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) levels in plasma and the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) are increased during pregnancy and in ovariectomized rats injected with ovarian hormones. Vasodilatory responses to CGRP are also increased in these animals. In the present study, we hypothesized that pregnancy and ovarian hormones elevate the contents of CGRP in(More)
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