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—In this paper, the design, fabrication, and application of a highly tolerant polarization-independent optical-waveguide structure suited for operation in the third communication window is presented. The waveguide structure has been optimized toward minimized sensitivity to technological tolerances and low fabrication complexity. The tolerance analysis has(More)
We combine the theoretical results of some recent publications on the beam propagation method based on the finite difference method (PDBPM) and the slowly varying envelope approximation (SVEA). The use of the SVEA leads to a considerable reduo tion of the computation time but introduces a fundamental error in the phase velocity of a given mode and also to(More)
We report the application of an integrated optical Young interferometer sensor for ultrasensitive, real-time, direct detection of viruses. We have validated the sensor by detecting herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), but the principle is generally applicable. Detection of HSV-1 virus particles was performed by applying the virus sample onto a sensor(More)
—We report the fabrication and the characterization of the refractometric and thermo-optical properties of a quasi-one-dimensional waveguide photonic crystal—a strong, 76-m-long Bragg grating. The transmission spectra (around 660 nm) of the structure have been measured as a function of both the cladding refractive index and the temperature. The transmission(More)
Nonlinear polymers are promising materials for high speed active integrated optics devices. In this paper we evaluate the perspectives polymer based nonlinear optical devices can offer. Special attention is directed to the materials aspects. In our experimental work we applied mainly Akzo Nobel DANS side-chain polymer that exhibits large second and third(More)
It is shown that, by adapting the refractive indexes prerequisite for the use of the FDBPM algorithm. We remark in the vicinity of interfaces, the ZD-beam propagation method based On the finite difference (FDBPM) scheme can be made much more effective. This holds especially for TM modes propagating in structures with high-index contrasts, such as surface(More)
Surface roughness is one of the crucial factors in silicon fusion bonding. Due to the enhanced surface roughness, it is almost impossible to bond wafers after KOH etching. This also applies when wafers are heavily doped, have a thick LPCVD silicon nitride layer on top or have a LPCVD polysilicon layer of poor quality. It has been demonstrated that these(More)
A quasi one-dimensional photonic crystal has been fabricated and the applicability of this kind of structure for optical sensing has been investigated by measuring the transmission spectra as a function of the cladding refractive index. The cladding index was varied using a liquid flow, of which the index was slowly varied over a small range. The shift with(More)
Integrated opto-chemical sensors have promising prospects, for example by having the potential to be realized as very sensitive small monolithic smart multisensor systems with a digital signal output. Here the main accent will be laid on the optical principles underlying chemo-optical waveguiding sensors, focusing on linear evanescent field sensors. Sensing(More)