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Uptake of iron from various siderophores by a deltafet3deltafet4 strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated. The catecholate enterobactin and the hydroxamate coprogen were taken up by the cells by passive diffusion, whereas the hydroxamates ferrioxamine B (FOB) and ferricrocin (FC) were taken up via a high-affinity energy-dependent mechanism. The(More)
Three chemically unrelated peroxidizing molecules, namely oxadiazon [5-(t-butyl)-3-(2,4-dichloro-5-isopropoxyphenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2 -one], LS 82-556 [(S)3-N-(methylbenzyl)carbamoyl-5-propionyl-2,6-lutidine] and M&B 39279 [5-amino-4-cyano-1-(2,6-dichloro-4-trifluoromethylphenyl)pyrazol], are potent inhibitors of plant, yeast and mouse protoporphyrinogen(More)
Iron reduction and uptake was studied in wild-type and haem-deficient strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Haem-deficient strains lacked inducible ferri-reductase activity and were unable to take up iron from different ferric chelates such as Fe(III)-citrate or rhodoturulic acid. In contrast, ferrioxamine B was taken up actively by the mutants as well as by(More)
The HEM12 gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase which catalyzes the sequential decarboxylation of the four acetyl side chains of uroporphyrinogen to yield coproporphyrinogen, an intermediate in protoheme biosynthesis. The gene was isolated by functional complementation of a hem12 mutant. Sequencing revealed that the HEM12(More)
Coproporphyrinogen oxidase (EC 1.3.3.3) catalyzes the sixth step in the heme biosynthetic pathway, the oxidation of coproporphyrinogen III to protoporphyrinogen IX. The activity of this enzyme is deficient in the disease hereditary coproporphyria. The sequence of the cDNA and predicted amino acid sequence of the human coproporphyrinogen oxidase are(More)
We have studied the relationships between in vivo (whole cells) and in vitro (plasma membranes) ferrireductase activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Isolated plasma membranes were enriched in the product of the FRE1 gene and had NADPH dehydrogenase activity that was increased when the cells were grown in iron/copper-deprived medium. The diaphorase activity(More)
Plant protoporphyrinogen oxidase is of particular interest since it is the last enzyme of the common branch for chlorophyll and heme biosynthetic pathways. In addition, it is the target enzyme for diphenyl ether-type herbicides, such as acifluorfen. Two distinct methods were used to investigate the localization of this enzyme within Percoll-purified spinach(More)
Protoporphyrinogen oxidase, the molecular target of diphenylether-type herbicides, was purified to homogeneity from yeast mitochondrial membranes and found to be a 55-kDa polypeptide with a pI of 8.5 and a specific activity of 40,000 nmol of protoporphyrin/h/mg of protein at 30 degrees C. The Michaelis constant (Km) for protoporphyrinogen IX was 0.1 microM.(More)
Resting suspensions of cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae grown in iron-rich or iron-deficient conditions were studied by following the fluorescence emission changes (lambda em. 400-460 nm, lambda exc. 300-340 nm) occurring in these suspensions upon addition of glucose and ferric iron. The results show that, in addition to NAD(P)H, metabolites of the(More)
Several NAD(P)H-dependent ferri-reductase activities were detected in sub-cellular extracts of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Some were induced in cells grown under iron-deficient conditions. At least two cytosolic iron-reducing enzymes having different substrate specificities could contribute to iron assimilation in vivo. One enzyme was purified to(More)