P. L. J. Zitha

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Introduction Conventional and unconventional hydrocarbons are likely to remain the main component of the energy mix needed to meet the growing global energy demand in the next 50 years. The worldwide production of crude oil could drop by nearly 40 million B/D by 2020 from existing projects, and an additional 25 million B/D of oil will need to be produced(More)
The coupled mass transfer and chemical reactions of a gel-forming compound in a two-phase system were recently analyzed in detail [Castelijns et al. J. Appl. Phys. 2006, 100, 024916]. In this successive work, the gel-forming chemical tetramethylorthosilicate (TMOS) was dissolved in a mineral oil and placed together with heavy water (D2O) in small cylinders.(More)
Molecular conformations of individual polymers during flow through porous media are directly observed by single-DNA imaging in microfluidics. As the Weissenberg number increases during flow (Wi > 1), we observe two types of elastic instabilities: (a) stationary dead-zone and (b) time-dependant dead-zone washing. When stretched polymer chains enter a(More)
• A submitted manuscript is the author's version of the article upon submission and before peer-review. There can be important differences between the submitted version and the official published version of record. People interested in the research are advised to contact the author for the final version of the publication, or visit the DOI to the(More)
The objective of this study is to discover a synergistic effect between foam stability in bulk and micro-emulsion phase behaviour to design a high-performance chemical system for an optimized alkaline-surfactant-foam (ASF) flooding for enhanced oil recovery (EOR). The focus is on the interaction of ASF chemical agents with oil in the presence and absence of(More)
We report an experimental investigation of the permeability to gas of systems of one or several soap films freely standing in a straight tube, using either reactive gas (NH(3)) or inert gas (argon). The series of soap films appears to be the simplest paradigm of successive lamellae arrangements encountered in foams confined in a porous medium. To conduct(More)
The gas permeability of equilibrium foam films stabilized with an alpha-olefin sulfonate surfactant was measured. The permeability coefficient, K (cm/s), was obtained as a function of the electrolyte (NaCl) concentration, surfactant concentration, and temperature. The addition of salt to the film-forming solution leads to a decrease of the film thickness,(More)
In this paper we report an investigation of the unsteady-state flow of polymer solutions through granular porous media. The experiments were performed using high-molecular-weight nonionic and anionic polyacrylamides dissolved in water containing NaCl and model porous media obtained by packing silicon carbide (SiC) grains having a narrow grain size(More)
We experimentally investigate the flow of hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) solution with and without salt in model porous media at high Weissenberg numbers (Wi > 1.0). The effect of pore shapes on the flow pattern and pressure drop is explored by using periodic arrays of circular and square pillars in aligned and staggered layouts. In the apparent(More)