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An empirical examination of teacher receptivity to and practice of tobacco prevention education provides the foundation for comprehensive staff development to increase diffusion of drug prevention education curricula. Randomly-selected first grade Texas teachers (n = 313) were asked to complete a questionnaire during the first and second years of the(More)
School-based health education programs often are limited by failures in implementation and maintenance. While inservice training has proven beneficial, teacher training research indicates that the more complex the demands on teachers using innovative psychosocially based health education curricula, the greater the necessity for post-inservice follow-up(More)
Fifty state and local coalitions that carry out the Smoke Free Class of 2000 program of the American Cancer Society, American Heart Association and American Lung Association were surveyed in 1990. Almost all (95%) rated themselves moderately or very active and a total of 88 900 second grade teachers were estimated to have received the materials. The(More)
To ensure students achieve intended benefits from effective health programs, it is necessary to maximize program implementation and maintenance. Peer coaching provides a post-inservice staff development approach for health educators to strengthen teacher use of new health programs during implementation trials. While peer coaching positively influences(More)
To help teachers enhance the effectiveness of their classroom instruction in human sexuality education, it is necessary to understand their attitudes and concerns about their teaching experiences. Forty-seven sixth grade teachers were surveyed one year after curriculum implementation to examine perceptions of themselves, their students, colleagues, and(More)
This study examines characteristics of adolescent females in prenatal care in a hospital-based teen clinic compared to a school-based teen clinic. Interviews were conducted during 1991-92 among 189 pregnant adolescents, whose mean age was 16.22 years. 48% were African American, 42% were Hispanic, and 2% were Asian or other. 75% of adolescents were single(More)
A statewide, cross-sectional survey was conducted among Texas secondary school teachers to determine the scope of HIV education provided and training needs. Among 269 participants, 199 (75%) taught HIV education. Investigator developed scales measured instructional emphasis, preparation adequacy, desire for future training, comfort, instructional(More)
To examine the smokeless tobacco (ST) and smoking practices of collegiate varsity and intramural baseball players, 284 undergraduate athletes at two major Southwestern universities were surveyed using a questionnaire previously developed to measure use among this population. About one-fourth of all athletes were current ST users and 4% smokers. Over half of(More)
Factors affecting the drinking patterns of 183 pregnant, African-American, Hispanic, and White adolescents were investigated, including the influence of peers, sexual partners, family members, and mentors. Among participants who drank alcohol prior to their pregnancies, 87% quit or cut back on their drinking behaviors. Those adolescents who lived in(More)
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