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A practical 7-step synthesis of benzyl 3,5-di-O-benzyl-2-deoxy-1,4-dithio-D-erythro-pentofuranoside is described and the product has been used in the synthesis of some 4'-thio-2'-deoxynucleosides. These novel nucleoside analogues have potentially useful biological activity and are resistant to phosphorolysis.
A series of 5-substituted 2'-deoxy-4'-thiopyrimidine nucleosides was synthesized and evaluated as potential antiviral agents. A number of analogues such as 2'-deoxy-5-propyl-4'-thiouridine (3ii), 2'-deoxy-5-isopropyl-4'-thiouridine (3iii), 5-cyclopropyl-2'-deoxy-4'-thiouridine (3iv), 2'-deoxy-4'-thio-5-vinyluridine (3viii), and… (More)
A novel fluoropyrazole ribonucleoside has been shown to have significant anti-influenza activity in vitro. The compound is compared and contrasted with the structurally-related compound ribavirin in attempts to identify factors having significant bearing on the mode of action of both compounds.
A series of 3'-branched-chain sugar nucleosides, in particular 3'-deoxy-3'-C-hydroxmethyl nucleosides, have been synthesized and evaluated as antiviral agents. Reaction of 1-(2,3-epoxy-5-O-trityl-beta-D-lyxo-pentofuranosyl) derivatives 12 and 13, of uracil and thymine, respectively, with 5,6-dihydro-2-lithio-5-methyl-1,3,5-dithiazine 14 afforded the… (More)
Metabolism of 1,1,1,2,2-pentafluorohexane with liver microsomes from phenobarbital-treated rats gave only one metabolite, namely, the 5-hydroxy derivative. Under similar conditions 1,1-difluorocyclohexane was metabolized to give mainly the 3- and 4-hydroxy derivatives in the ratio 1: approximately 5.5. The structures of these metabolites were established by… (More)
The synthesis and antiviral activity of a number of 3'-C-difluoromethyl and 3'-deoxy-3'-C-fluoromethyl nucleosides are reported. The 3'-C-difluoromethyl nucleosides 26a and 26b were obtained by treatment of the corresponding 2',5'-di-O-protected-3'-C-formyl nucleosides 25a and 25b with (diethylamino)sulfur trifluoride (DAST). Removal of the 2'-O-protecting… (More)
In seeking to block and thereby determine the role of the rapid in vivo hydroxylation of the cyclohexyl moiety of 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU) in relation to antitumor activity and tissue distribution, the 3-(1H-decafluorocyclohexyl) analogue (FCCNU) was synthesized. FCCNU showed marked toxicity and little activity against the… (More)
(E)-5-(2-Bromovinyl)-2'-deoxy-5'-O-(3-methyl-2-oxo-5-formyl-1,3,2- oxazaphosphacyclopentan-2-yl)uridine has been synthesized and, under physiological conditions and without the necessity for enzyme activity, has been shown to yield the 5'-nucleotide in vitro. Unfortunately this compound is not sufficiently stable in solution for it to be tested in vivo. The… (More)
The following 5-substituted 2,4-dimethoxypyrimidines were synthesized: 5-(2,2,2-trichloro-1-hydroxyethyl), 5-(2,2,2-trichloro-1-fluoroethyl),5-(2,2-dichloro-1-fluorovinyl) (5), and 5-(perfluoropropen-1-yl) (a mixture of E and Z isomers, 6 and 7). Demethylation of 5 gave 5-(2,2-dichloro-1-fluorovinyl)uracil, and demethylation of the mixture of 6 and 7 gave… (More)