P. L. Carbonell

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The literature on granulomatous nasal diseases of cattle is reviewed, with emphasis on nasal granuloma, a disease of unknown cause which is enzootic in Australian dairy cattle. It is concluded that on available evidence the disease is most probably a form of allergic rhinitis.
BACKGROUND/METHODS As a high number of patients with antibodies to hepatitis C (anti-HCV) do not have a known history of parenteral acquisition, other non-parenteral means of hepatitis C virus transmission must be studied. We investigated 1451 household contacts of 535 anti-HCV positive, human immunodeficiency virus-negative index patients. RESULTS(More)
Cryptosporidium agni sp. n. is described from the small intestine, particularly ileum, of lambs, Ovis aries, and C. bovis sp. n. is described from a similar location in a calf Bos taurus. Ultrastructural observations on trophozoites, schizonts and macrogametes indicated close similarity between the morphology of these species and that of C. wrairi. Oocysts(More)
OBJECTIVE A sustained response (SR) to interferon (IFN) is only observed in 15-20% of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). The aim of this study was to determine the long-term effectiveness and safety of the treatment with IFN plus ribavirin (RIB) over two years in CHC patients without SR to IFN. DESIGN A prospective and open longitudinal follow-up(More)
BACKGROUND The role of combination therapy is poorly defined in chronic hepatitis C patients who are non-responders to interferon. AIM To assess the efficacy, safety and tolerance of interferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin in chronic hepatitis C patients who do not respond to interferon monotherapy. METHODS A total of 127 non-responder patients with chronic(More)
New neo-clerodane diterpenes have been isolated from Ajuga reptans, and named ajugatansins, along with the previously reported ajugavensin A and ajugareptansone A. The structures of all the compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic means and comparison with closely related compounds reported in the literature. The new 6 alpha,19-diacetoxy-4(More)
While in Japan the incidence of superficial gastric cancer (CGS) is very high (35%), with a mean 5-year survival rate of 95%, in our environment it is infrequent. Although the global incidence of gastric cancer is declining, recently, since endoscopy became routine, an increase has been seen in the diagnosis of superficial gastric cancer. In the period(More)
During the past decade the demand for outpatient surgery has grown rapidly. Postoperative nausea and vomiting is one of the more common undesirable consequences of surgery, which may significantly delay the patient's discharge from the ambulatory surgery center. None of the currently used antiemetic drugs is considered totally effective in abolishing nausea(More)
A prospective study of nasal eosinophil counts was made in Jersey and Friesian dairy cattle at Leongatha, and of Hereford, Aberdeen Angus and Shorthorn cattle at Kilmore, Victoria. Mean nasal eosinophil counts in subgroups of cattle were found to correlate with the known susceptibility of Jerseys and Friesians to develop bovine nasal granuloma, and to(More)