P Kulanthaivel

Learn More
Maternal-facing brush border membrane vesicles isolated from normal term human placentas were found to accumulate norepinephrine in a concentrative manner in the presence of an inwardly directed NaCl gradient. Both Na+ and Cl- were obligatory for maximal uptake. The NaCl-dependent norepinephrine uptake was further stimulated by the presence of K+ or an(More)
The JAR human placental choriocarcinoma cell line transports taurine, concentrating it over 1000-fold inside the cell. The transport system is energized by a Na+ gradient and exhibits an absolute requirement for Cl-. Neutral beta-amino acids such as beta-alanine and hypotaurine effectively compete with the system, whereas neutral alpha-amino acids such as(More)
We investigated whether highly purified preparations of basal (fetal-facing) membrane isolated from normal term human placentas possess Na(+)-H+ exchanger activity. Uptake of Na+ into basal membrane vesicles was stimulated many-fold by an outwardly directed H+ gradient. This H(+)-gradient-dependent uptake was inhibitable by amiloride and its analogues. Na+(More)
The influence of Ca2+ on the activity of the taurine transport system was investigated in rabbit small intestinal brush-border membrane vesicles. Preincubation of the brush-border membrane vesicles with Ca2+ prepared by the Mg2(+)-aggregation method markedly decreased the NaCl gradient-dependent uptake of taurine in these vesicles. Uptake of glucose and(More)
We have compared the pharmacological properties of the human placental brush-border membrane Na(+)-H+ exchanger with those of the rabbit renal brush-border membrane Na(+)-H+ exchanger. The exchanger activity in both preparations was inhibited by cimetidine, clonidine, and harmaline. Cimetidine was found to be 4-5 times more potent than clonidine in(More)
We examined the effects of phenylarsine oxide, a reagent specific for vicinal dithiol groups, on the catalytic activities, Na+ influx and H+ efflux, of the human placental Na(+)-H+ exchanger. Treatment of the placental brush-border membrane vesicles with the reagent markedly inhibited both the activities. The inhibition was partially reversible by dithiols.(More)
Treatment of human placental brush-border membrane vesicles with four tyrosine group-specific reagents, N-acetylimidazole, 7-chloro-4-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole (NBD-Cl), tetranitromethane and p-nitrobenzesulfonyl fluoride, inhibited NaCl gradient-driven taurine uptake in these vesicles without affecting the vesicle integrity. The relative potency of(More)
The presence of an ATP-driven H+ pump as measured by H+ uptake upon addition of ATP was not demonstrable in human placental brush-border membrane vesicles when used in their native form, owing to their right-side-out orientation. However, the presence of the H+ pump in these membranes became evident when the membrane vesicles were transiently exposed to 1%(More)
Transient exposure of human placental brush-border membrane vesicles to cholate reorients the ATP-driven H+ pump, enabling the pump to transport H+ into the vesicles upon addition of ATP to the external medium. H+ uptake can be measured in these vesicles by following the decrease in the absorbance of acridine orange, a delta pH indicator. We investigated(More)
The taurine transporter from purified human placental brush-border membranes was solubilized and reconstituted into proteoliposomes in a functional form. Solubilization was done with 2.5% cholate in the presence of 4 M urea. The proteins in the solubilizate were precipitated with 6% poly(ethylene glycol) and the precipitated proteins were reconstituted into(More)