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Amenorrheic athletes have been likened to postmenopausal women, with low estrogen levels and osteopenia. It has been suggested that estrogen exerts its antiresorptive actions on bone via a nitric oxide (NO)-dependent mechanism. This study investigated whether the mechanism of bone loss in amenorrheic athletes is similar to that of postmenopausal women with(More)
A growing number of reports of anabolic-androgenic streroid (AS) use in Great Britain (GB) among non-competitive groups have emerged since the beginning of 1990s. A study was commissioned by the Departments of Health for England, Scotland and Wales, to explore the extent and uses of AS from the public health point of view. As a part of a wider investigation(More)
Most studies of the triathlon have looked at male triathletes with respect to the longer distance events such as the Hawaii Ironman Triathlon. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the physiological characteristics and training protocols of elite and competitive (club) women triathletes who compete at Olympic distance (1.5 km swim, 40 km(More)
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