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Objective: To compare the effectiveness and safety of very early high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) with conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) in treatment of the respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and to evaluate their impact on the incidence of chronic pulmonary disease and early and late morbidity of very low-birthweight neonates. Design:(More)
Hepcidin, a key regulator of iron metabolism, plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of anemia of chronic disease. Although it is produced mainly in the liver, its recently described expression in adipose tissue has been shown to be enhanced in massive obesity due to chronic low-grade inflammation. Our objective was to study the changes in hepcidin(More)
OBJECTIVE We performed a randomized trial to compare three insulin-titration protocols for tight glycemic control (TGC) in a surgical intensive care unit: an absolute glucose (Matias) protocol, a relative glucose change (Bath) protocol, and an enhanced model predictive control (eMPC) algorithm. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 120 consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND In phase 2 trials, lebrikizumab, an anti-interleukin-13 monoclonal antibody, reduced exacerbation rates and improved FEV1 in patients with uncontrolled asthma, particularly in those with high concentrations of type 2 biomarkers (eg, periostin or blood eosinophils). We undertook replicate phase 3 studies to assess the efficacy and safety of(More)
The objective of the study was to investigate the contribution of dietary factors and physical exercise to the variation in the risk of lung cancer and its major histological types among men and women in the Czech Republic, and reveal interactions between smoking and diet/physical exercise, if any. In a hospital based case-control study, data collected by(More)
OBJECTIVES There is some controversy as to whether there is a benefit from the use of a centrifugal pump compared with a roller pump during cardiopulmonary bypass to facilitate cardiac surgery. We compared the two pumps, with the primary aim of determining any difference in the effects on inflammation after pulmonary endarterectomy surgery which required(More)
We studied the changes in serum fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) concentrations, its mRNA, and protein expression in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue of 15 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Blood samples were obtained: prior to initiation of anesthesia, prior to the start of extracorporeal circulation, upon completion of the surgery, and 6, 24, 48,(More)
AIM In postcardiac surgery patients, we assessed the performance of a system for intensive intravenous insulin therapy using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and enhanced model predictive control (eMPC) algorithm. METHODS Glucose control in eMPC-CGM group (n = 12) was compared with a control (C) group (n = 12) treated by intravenous insulin infusion(More)
Changes in endocrine function of adipose tissue during surgery, such as excessive production of proinflammatory cytokines, can significantly alter metabolic response to surgery and worsen its outcomes and prognosis of patients. Therapeutic hypothermia has been used to prevent damage connected with perioperative ischemia and hypoperfusion. The aim of our(More)
Our purpose is to inform of the present results achieved at Czech Technical University, Department of Control in the field of robotics. GOALEM (GOAL-oriented Electrioal Manipulator) is a computer controlled electromechanical arm with 6 degrees of freedom and an autonomous vision system. Design of the arm mechanics supposes the approximate load of 0.5kg. Its(More)