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Bone density achieved in early adulthood is the major determinant of risk of osteoporotic fracture. Up to 60% of women suffer osteoporotic fractures as a result of low bone density, which is under strong genetic control acting through effects on bone turnover. Here we show that common allelic variants in the gene encoding the vitamin D receptor can be used(More)
This study determines the effectiveness and reproducibility of a previously published method of grading gliomas. The method under study is for use on "ordinary astrocytoma" cell types, i.e., fibrillary, protoplasmic, gemistocytic, anaplastic astrocytomas and glioblastomas, and is based upon the recognition of the presence or absence of four morphologic(More)
Although technological advances have reduced device-related complications, DBS surgery still carries a significant risk of transient and permanent complications. We report our experience in 86 patients and 149 DBS implants. Patients with Parkinson's disease, essential tremor and dystonia were treated. There were 8 perioperative, 8 postoperative, 9(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the role of T2*-weighted echo-planar perfusion imaging by using a first-pass gadopentetate dimeglumine technique to determine the association of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-derived cerebral blood volume (CBV) maps with histopathologic grading of astrocytomas and to improve the accuracy of targeting of stereotactic biopsy. MATERIALS(More)
The contributions of genetic and environmental factors to the association among bone mineral density (BMD), lean mass, and fat mass were assessed in the Sydney Twin Study of Osteoporosis (Australia), 1995-1996, in 57 monozygotic and 55 dizygotic female twin pairs of Caucasian background, aged 52.8 (standard deviation, 13) years. In multiple regression(More)
Bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover are both heritable. Although bone turnover affects bone mass, it is not clear whether these parameters are under common genetic or environmental control. The relative contribution of genetic and environmental factors to the determination of an index of bone turnover, bone specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP), and(More)
BACKGROUND Pineal parenchymal tumors are rare; therefore, only limited clinical data regarding their behavior is available. This study was performed to provide further information regarding the pathologic features, clinical behavior, and response to therapy of these tumors. METHODS This study includes data concerning 30 patients (15 male and 15 female(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine prospectively the rates of change in bone mineral density in elderly people and to examine the relation between lifestyle and demographic factors and these rates of change. DESIGN Longitudinal population based study. SETTING Dubbo, New South Wales, Australia. SUBJECTS Representative sample (n = 769) of residents aged > or = 60(More)
Osteoporosis is recognized as an important cause of morbidity and mortality in aging women, but there have been few epidemiologic studies in men. Potential risk factors for osteoporotic fractures were assessed in 220 elderly men aged 60 years or above in the city of Dubbo (Australia). During the follow-up period of 1989-1994, the overall incidence of(More)
The cognitive effects of subthalamic nucleus (STN) stimulation in Parkinson's disease (PD) have been examined. However, there are no reported studies that evaluate, by incorporating a disease control group, whether neuropsychological performance in surgical patients changes beyond the variability of the assessment measures. To examine this issue, 17 PD(More)