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Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was isolated from an extract of the intestine of the cod Gadus morhua. The primary structure of this 37-amino acid peptide was established as follows: ACNTA TCVTH RLADF LSRSG GIGNS NFVPT NVGSK AF-NH2. The peptide shows close structural similarities to other nonmammalian (3-4 amino acid substitutions) and mammalian (5-8(More)
The two aortas of the crocodile are in open connection at two sites, the foramen of Panizzae immediately outside the ventricles, and the arterial anastomosis at the level of the gut. The present study was performed to elucidate the innervation of the cardiovascular structures of the crocodile, in part to provide a further basis for the assumption that the(More)
The strength and number of nicotinic synapses that converge on secretomotor B neurons were assessed in the bullfrog by recording intracellularly from isolated preparations of paravertebral sympathetic ganglia 9 and 10. One input to every B neuron invariably produced a suprathreshold EPSP and was defined as the primary nicotinic synapse. In addition, 93% of(More)
In 20 patients undergoing coronary arteriography, the hemodynamic effects of an experimental preparation of i.v. amiodarone 5 mg kg-1 without Tween 80 (N) (10 patients) were compared with those of the commercial form with Tween 80 (A) (10 patients). Analysis of variance demonstrated differences during the 3 min of injection and for 3 min afterwards: left(More)
The presence of galanin-like immunoreactivity in nerves to the stomach of the Atlantic cod has been investigated by immunohistochemistry. The distribution of ganglion cells showing galanin-like immunoreactivity was compared with the total distribution in nerves and ganglia. Projection studies were made to determine the origin of the galanin neurons. The(More)
The projections of enteric neurons showing immunoreactivity for vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and galanin were investigated in the myenteric plexus of the intestine of the Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. Quantification of immunoreactive material on the proximal and distal side of a myotomy was performed by means of confocal(More)
The Australian lungfish Neoceratodus forsteri is one of the few extant species of a phylogenetically ancient group. Immunohistochemistry showed the presence of galanin-, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)-, neurotensin-, substance P-, and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-like immunoreactivities in nerve fibers in the heart, lung, and gut, with a(More)
The native tachykinins cod neurokinin A and cod substance P, serotonin and acetylcholine have excitatory effects on the circular smooth muscle of the cod intestine. Furthermore, immunoreactivities to the cod tachykinins, serotonin and two markers for cholinergic neurones, viz. choline acetyltransferase and vesicular acetylcholine transporter, have been(More)
The innervation of the cod stomach by neurons showing substance P-like immunoreactivity (SPLI), and the effect and mechanism of action of substance P (SP) on the vascularly perfused cod stomach and on isolated muscle strip preparations from the pyloric sphincter have been investigated.Infusion of SP produced a contraction of the stomach wall, which could(More)
In this study retrograde tracing was used to locate sympathetic ganglion cells innervating the stomach of a teleost fish, Gadus morhua. A subpopulation of small neurons in the coeliac ganglion was retrogradely labelled after Fast Blue injection in the stomach wall. Neurons projecting to the myenteric plexus and muscle layers contained tyrosine hydroxylase(More)