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Immunophilins, a family of proteins that exhibit rotamase (peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase) activity in vitro, are expressed in many organisms and most tissues. Although some immunophilins can mediate the immunosuppressive actions of FK506, rapamycin, and cyclosporin A, the physiological role of the unligated proteins is not known. A 59-kilodalton(More)
Previous studies of the anti 8.5S progestin receptor monoclonal antibody KN 382/EC1 showed that it was specific for nontransformed progestin receptors. However, with different methods of tissue disruption and the use of protease inhibitors, we found that other nontransformed steroid receptors formed immune complexes with KN 382/EC1. Binding of the antibody(More)
To gain insight into the mechanism of facilitated sugar transport and possible mechanisms by which glucose transporter intrinsic activity might be altered, we have investigated conformational changes of the human erythrocyte glucose transporter induced by internal and external sugar binding and by the transporter inhibitor, cytochalasin B. Changes in the(More)
P59 [also known as FK506 binding protein 59 (FKBP59) or heat shock protein 56 (hsp56)] and heat shock proteins 90 and 70 (hsp90 and hsp70) associate with steroid receptors and are believed to maintain the receptors in an inactive state. Recently, we showed that p59 purified from human lymphocytes is an immunophilin (FKBP59) which binds both FK506 and(More)
A monoclonal antibody to the glucose transporter has been prepared with band 4.5 (Mr 45,000-65,000) from human erythrocyte ghosts as antigen. This antibody, designated 7F7.5, is of the IgG2b type. The antibody bound exclusively to proteins in the band 4.5 region of immunoblots of human erythrocyte ghosts separated on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide(More)
Spectinomycin at low concentrations inhibits initiating ribosomes but not ribosomes already engaged in chain elongation. The initiating ribosomes are blocked in some step after formation of the initiation complex, probably the first translocation. Cells inhibited by spectinomycin accumulate polysomes, and these have proved to be unstable polyinitiation(More)
New methods for the analysis of glucose transporters were used to analyze the molecular mechanisms involved in the insulin-antagonistic effects of growth hormone (GH), which is known as a diabetogenic hormone. The ability of GH to alter the number and mRNA levels of two different glucose transporters in cultured 3T3-F442A adipocytes was investigated using(More)
Connective tissue activating peptide-III (CTAP-III) is a component of platelet alpha-granules which elicits a series of responses in connective tissue cells referred to as activation, including increased glucose consumption and mitogenesis and increased secretion of hyaluronic acid and glycosaminoglycans. As anticipated by a requirement for glucose or(More)
The nontransformed steroid receptors contain several non-steroid binding proteins, such as hsp90, hsp70, and p59. Recently, we and others have shown that p59 (FKBP59) is an immunophilin which binds two potent immunosuppressants, FK506 and rapamycin. This raises the possibility that FK506 or rapamycin may modify the function of steroid receptors. To develop(More)