Learn More
Excretion of urinary N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase (NAG), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma-glutamyltransferase (gamma-GT) was studied following single intravenous administrations of a non-ionic monomeric contrast medium (iohexol) at doses of 5.0, 7.5, 10.0 and 12.5 g iodine/kg body wt in rats. Measurements of urinary(More)
Excretion of urinary lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, EC 1.1.1.27), gamma-glutamyltransferase (gamma-GT, EC 2.3.2.2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP, EC 3.1.3.1), alanine aminopeptidase (AAP, EC 3.4.11.-), alanine aminotransferase (GPT, EC 2.6.1.2) and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG, EC 3.2.1.30) was studied following a single i.v. application of 1 mg mercuric(More)
Based on today's extensive experience on acute toxicity testing of chemical substances, and on the outcome of specific studies (Schütz and Fuchs 1982; Müller and Kley 1982; Lorke in preparation; Günzel et al. in preparation), it is now possible to conduct acute toxicity studies with the sacrifice of fewer animals and even to increase at the same time, the(More)
Liver tumor formation in rats treated with oral contraceptive steroids for long periods has been associated with the tumor promoting potential of these agents. As other known liver tumor promoters, e.g., phenobarbital and hexachlorocyclohexane, induce liver growth and hepatic monooxygenases, we investigated whether or not estrogens have similar effects.(More)
Specific neuroendocrine regulatory mechanisms in rats and mice are known to be involved in the development of pituitary tumours (prolactinomas) in systemic tolerance and carcinogenicity studies of oestrogens, certain progestagens and their combinations. However, the susceptibility of the strain used seems to be of decisive importance. High doses of(More)
Two sex steroid hormone combinations which have been used clinically as tests for detection of early pregnancy were examined for embryotoxic effects in macaques and baboons. Norethisterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol (NEA + EE) were orally administered to rhesus and cynomolgus monkeys and baboons at dosages ranging from one to 1,000 times the human dose(More)
Serum activities of creatine kinase (CK, EC 2.7.3.2) and CK isoenzymes, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, EC 1.1.1.27) and LDH isoenzymes, alpha-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (alpha-HBDH, no EC) and the LDH/alpha-HBDH ratio were studied following a single s.c. application of 5-250 mg isoproterenol/kg body weight (b.w.) in rats. Measurements of the serum enzymes(More)
In standard two year tumorigenicity studies some gestagens, alone or in combination with an estrogen have been shown to produce proliferative liver lesions (PLL) in rats. Estrogens in general have not produced PLLs; for ethinyl estradiol the situation is equivocal. The steroids which increase the incidence of PLLs have not been shown to have the(More)