P Jeffrey Conn

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In the mid to late 1980s, studies were published that provided the first evidence for the existence of glutamate receptors that are not ligand-gated cation channels but are coupled to effector systems through GTP-binding proteins. Since those initial reports, tremendous progress has been made in characterizing these metabotropic glutamate receptors(More)
The metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are family C G-protein-coupled receptors that participate in the modulation of synaptic transmission and neuronal excitability throughout the central nervous system. The mGluRs bind glutamate within a large extracellular domain and transmit signals through the receptor protein to intracellular signaling(More)
The activation of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) produces a variety of actions that lead to alterations in excitability and synaptic transmission in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. The group I mGluRs, mGluR1 and mGluR5, are activated selectively by (S)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG). To identify which of these mGluR subtypes are(More)
The subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a key nucleus in the basal ganglia motor circuit that provides the major glutamatergic excitatory input to the basal ganglia output nuclei. The STN plays an important role in normal motor function, as well as in pathological conditions such as Parkinson's disease (PD) and related disorders. Development of a complete(More)
Fragile X syndrome is an X-linked form of mental retardation resulting from the absence of expression of the fragile X mental retardation 1 gene. The encoded protein is a ribosome-associated, RNA-binding protein thought to play a role in translational regulation of selective messenger RNA transcripts. A knockout mouse has been described that exhibits subtle(More)
Recent studies suggest that agonists of group II metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors (mGlu2/3) have potential utility as novel therapeutic agents for treatment of psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and schizophrenia. Agonists of mGlu2/3 receptors block amphetamine- and phencyclidine (PCP)-induced hyperlocomotor activity in rodents, two actions that(More)
Despite G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) being among the most fruitful targets for marketed drugs, intense discovery efforts for several GPCR subtypes have failed to deliver selective drug candidates. Historically, drug discovery programmes for GPCR ligands have been dominated by efforts to develop agonists and antagonists that act at orthosteric sites(More)
Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors were discovered in the mid 1980s and originally described as glutamate receptors coupled to polyphosphoinositide hydrolysis. Almost 6500 articles have been published since then, and subtype-selective mGlu receptor ligands are now under clinical development for the treatment of a variety of disorders such as Fragile-X(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a debilitating movement disorder that afflicts >1 million people in North America. Current treatments focused on dopamine-replacement strategies ultimately fail in most patients because of loss of efficacy and severe adverse effects that worsen as the disease progresses. The recent success of surgical approaches suggests that a(More)
Recent studies suggest that metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) may play a significant role in regulating basal ganglia functions. In this study, we investigated the localization of mGluR4a protein in the mouse and rat basal ganglia. Polyclonal antibodies that specifically react with the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype mGluR4a were produced(More)