P. J. W. Venables

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BACKGROUND Autoantibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP) are present in most patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and associate with HLA-DRB1 shared epitope (SE) alleles. OBJECTIVE To investigate reactivities of anti-CCP to various citrullinated proteins/peptides, which represent potential autoantigens in RA, and to examine the(More)
To investigate the hypothesis that the human endogenous sequence ERV-3 has a function, we have cloned and expressed the transmembrane region of its envelope gene and raised specific antibodies to the fusion protein and to a synthetic peptide. These antibodies reacted with a 65-kDa polypeptide which constituted approximately 0.1% of the cellular protein in(More)
To examine the possible involvement of retroviruses in Sjögren's syndrome (SS), labial salivary gland sections from 99 individuals were probed with three MoAbs to core (gag) proteins of human T cell leukaemia virus-1 (HTLV-1) and two MoAbs to HIV-1. Sections from 31% of 39 patients with primary SS (pSS) contained an epithelial cytoplasmic protein reactive(More)
Affinity purified SS-B was characterized as a protein with immunoreactive polypeptides of 40K and 29K. A modified Farr assay and an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were 100- to 1,000-fold more sensitive than immunodiffusion and showed an association with the systemic manifestations of primary sicca syndrome and Sjögren's syndrome with systemic(More)
The human endogenous retrovirus ERV3 possesses an open reading frame for a truncated envelope, which is expressed as mRNA and protein. Here we examine the env sequence in primates for evidence of evolutionary conservation. ERV3 sequences were amplified by PCR from genomic DNA of great ape and Old World primates but not from New World primates or gorilla,(More)
Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) were studied in 122 patients with cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis (CFA) and compared with age- and sex-matched control subjects. Fluorescent ANA were detected in 32% of the patients and showed a correlation with the presence of a systemic connective tissue disease; ANA were present in 6% of the control subjects, 21% of the(More)
To examine the immune response to retroviral gag sequences in autoimmune disease, we measured antibody levels to synthetic peptides representing the major epitopes on HTLV-1 p19 gag and a homologous sequence on the endogenous retrovirus, HRES-1, in sera from 121 patients with autoimmune disease and 52 healthy controls. In the absence of HTLV-1 antibodies,(More)
The disease specificity of antibodies to rheumatoid arthritis nuclear antigen (RANA) was examined by comparing anti-RANA titers in sera from 100 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with sera from 93 healthy controls. Anti-RANA antibodies were found in 86% of the RA sera and 56% of the controls. The higher titers in the RA sera were unrelated to clinical(More)
In sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and Sjögren's syndrome (SS), antibodies are present in high titres to small cellular proteins which may be involved in RNA processing. In this study we used affinity chromatography with antibodies isolated from patients sera to purify two cellular antigens; SS-A (Ro) from human spleen and SS-B (La)(More)
Drug-induced lupus is a syndrome resembling mild systemic lupus erythematosus which can complicate treatment with certain apparently unrelated therapies. The most common individual agents are procainamide and hydralazine. Drugs less frequently associated with the disease are chlorpromazine, isoniazid, methyldopa, penicillamine, quinidine and sulfasalazine.(More)