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EEG was recorded during fMRI scanning of 16 normal controls in resting condition with eyes closed. Time variations of the occipital alpha band amplitudes were correlated to the fMRI signal variations to obtain insight into the hemodynamic correlates of the EEG alpha activity. Contrary to earlier studies, no a priori assumptions were made on the expected(More)
The regional distribution of brain metabolites was studied in several cortical white and gray matter areas, cerebellum, and thalamus of young adults with use of quantitative single-voxel proton MRS at 2.0 T. Whereas the neuronal compound N-acetylaspartate is distributed homogeneously throughout the brain, N-acetylaspartylglutamate increases caudally and(More)
Several gradient-echo fMRI blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) effects are described in the literature: extravascular spin dephasing around capillaries and veins, intravascular phase changes, and transverse relaxation changes of blood. This work considers a series of tissue compartmentalized models incorporating each of these effects, and tries to(More)
Simultaneous recording of electroencephalogram/functional magnetic resonance images (EEG/fMRI) was applied to identify blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) changes associated with spontaneous variations of the alpha rhythm, which is considered the hallmark of the brain resting state. The analysis was focused on inter-subject variability associated with(More)
The effect of oral creatine supplementation on brain metabolite concentrations was investigated in gray matter, white matter, cerebellum, and thalamus of healthy young volunteers by means of quantitative localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in vivo (2.0 T, stimulated echo acquisition mode sequence; repetition time = 6,000 ms, echo time = 20 ms,(More)
Regional changes of metabolite concentrations during human brain development were assessed by quantitative localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in vivo. Apart from measurements in young healthy adults, the study was based on regional spectra from 97 children who were either healthy or suffered from mental retardation, movement disorders,(More)
A high-resolution gradient echo, multi-slice segmented echo planar imaging method was used for functional MRI (fMRI) using a motor task at 1.5 Tesla. Functional images with an in-plane resolution of 1 mm and slice thickness of 4 mm were obtained with good white-gray matter contrast. The multi-shot approach, combined with a short total readout period of 82(More)
Quantitative single-voxel, short echo-time (TE) MR spectroscopy (MRS) was used to determine metabolite concentrations in the cerebral normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) of 76 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), and the WM of 25 controls. In NAWM of all MS disease types (primary progressive, relapsing-remitting, and secondary progressive), the(More)
BACKGROUND Gray matter (GM) lesions are frequently found in multiple sclerosis (MS) and their in-vivo detection has been improved using new magnetic resonance imaging sequences, such as double inversion recovery (DIR). However, little is known about progression of GM lesions over time. OBJECTIVE To study the longitudinal behavior of GM lesions and to(More)
Hypointense T1 lesions in multiple sclerosis patients correlate with axonal loss at autopsy and biopsy. We evaluated the chemical substrate of hypointense T1 lesions by using in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and analyzed the spectroscopic correlate of increased T1-relaxation time measurements. Localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy(More)