P. J. Stenius

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We have prepared potentially permanent antimicrobial films based on surface-modified microfibrillated cellulose (MFC). MFC, obtained by disintegration of bleached softwood sulfite pulp in a homogenizer, was grafted with the quaternary ammonium compound octadecyldimethyl(3-trimethoxysilylpropyl)ammonium chloride (ODDMAC) by a simple adsorption-curing(More)
Lignin is a highly branched polymer consisting of phenylpropane units, and it is one of the ingredients of the supporting matrix in plant cell walls. The morphology of several lignins extracted from plant cell walls using different methods was studied by small-angle and ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering. A power-law type intensity was observed for the dry(More)
Fiber lasers offer substantial advantages compared to conventional solid-state lasers due to their high efficiency, compact size, diffraction-limited beam quality, tunability, and facile thermal management. A number of important applications require high peak powers and pulse energies, which has generated great interest in Yb-doped, large-modearea (LMA)(More)
The objective of this study is to gain an understanding of the kinetics of adsorption of complexes formed in aqueous solution by oppositely charged polyelectrolytes. The properties of the complexes were characterized by means of dynamic light scattering and electrophoretic mobility and the reaction stoichiometry was studied by titration. The stoichiometry(More)
The structure of lyotropic liquid crystalline or gellike phases formed in cationic starch (CS)/ anionic surfactant/water systems in the temperature range 25-80 °C has been investigated by smallangle X-ray scattering. The surfactants were sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), sodium decanoate (NaDe), sodium dodecanoate (NaDod), sodium palmitate (NaPal), sodium(More)
Model surfaces of alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) and alkenyl succinic anhydride (ASA) were prepared by casting and spin-coating methods. The surface chemical composition and surface topography were investigated by XPS, ellipsometry, AFM and contact angle studies. Spin-coating resulted in layered structure of AKD and ASA surfaces; the molecular layer thickness of(More)
Runnability problems caused by suspended bacteria in water using industries, have, in contrast to biofilms, received little attention. We describe here that Pseudoxanthomonas taiwanensis, a wide-spread and abundant bacterium in paper machine water circuits, aggregated dispersions of wood extractives ("pitch") and resin acid, under conditions prevailing in(More)
Aqueous solutions of sodium alkanoates (C7H15COONa, NaOct; C9H19COONa, NaDe; C11H23COONa NaDod; C15H31COONa, NaPal) and mixtures of NaPal with NaDod, NaDe, and NaOct, as well as complexes formed by these surfactants with cationic potato starch (CS), were investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). The results indicate that mixed NaPal/NaDod(More)