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Concentrations of several metabolites in deproteinized blood and plasma were determined in 100 subjects after an overnight fast, to establish reference ranges. Blood glycerol, nonesterified fatty acids, and ketone body concentrations and the 3-hydroxybutyrate/acetoacetate ratio increased with age while blood alanine concentrations delined. Serum insulin and(More)
We describe enzymic fluorometric methods of automated analysis for glucose, lactate, pyruvate, 3-hydroxybutyrate, glycerol, and alanine in perchloric acid extracts of blood. Unmodified Technicon AutoAnalyzer II apparatus is used. The usual concentrations of all these metabolites can be measured in as little as 0.1 ml of blood from a fasting subject.(More)
Cisternal and lumbar cerebrospinal fluid obtained some days following a subarachnoid haemorrhage contains abnormally large quantities of various prostanoids; some may be partly the result of abnormal production by the cerebral arteries. The extra-arterial and intra-arterial production of 6 oxo PGF1 alpha (prostacyclin metabolite), PGE2, PGF2 alpha and TXB2(More)
Prostaglandins E2, F2 alpha, 6 oxo F1 alpha and thromboxane B2 increased in cisternal CSF following mock subarachnoid haemorrhage in dogs, particularly PGE2 (X25.5). Concentrations were increased also in lumbar CSF of five patients some 8 days after subarachnoid haemorrhage. Subarachnoid haemorrhage did not alter the production of prostaglandins by dog(More)
BACKGROUND The suppression of melatonin by light at 00.30 hours has been shown to be greater in winter than in summer on patients with seasonal affective disorder (SAD) but not in matched normal controls. METHOD In this study 12 patients with SAD and 12 matched normal controls were exposed to morning light therapy in the winter. Melatonin profiles and(More)
We investigated the importance of glucagon in the development of diabetic ketoacidosis by withholding insulin from six patients with juvenile-type diabetes and four totally pancreatectomized subjects. Patients were fasting and had previously been maintained on intravenous insulin for 24 hours. In diabetic patients plasma glucagon concentrations rose sharply(More)
The relation of lipid metabolism to nitrogen balance was studied in patients having undergone abdominal surgery and was compared with control subjects who had fasted for a similar period. The patients had lower circulating concentrations of glycerol, non-esterified fatty acids and ketone bodies. There were inverse correlations between blood alanine and(More)
The calcium antagonist nimodipine blocks the effects of many vasoconstrictors of cerebrovascular smooth muscle and may reduce the incidence of delayed cerebral ischaemia following subarachnoid haemorrhage though not necessarily by inhibiting the development of angiographic cerebral vasospasm. Post-haemorrhagic CSF contains abnormally large quantities of(More)