P. J. McKenna

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Schizophrenia has often been conceived as a disorder of connectivity between components of large-scale brain networks. We tested this hypothesis by measuring aspects of both functional connectivity and functional network topology derived from resting-state fMRI time series acquired at 72 cerebral regions over 17 min from 15 healthy volunteers (14 male, 1(More)
Modafinil, a novel cognitive enhancer, selectively improves neuropsychological task performance in healthy volunteers and adult patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It has been argued that persistent cognitive deficits in patients with schizophrenia are responsible for the failure of many patients to rehabilitate socially even when(More)
This paper surveys an area of nonlinear functional analysis and its applications. The main application is to the existence and multiplicity of periodic solutions of a possible mathematical models of nonlinearly supported bending beams, and their possible application to nonlinear behavior as observed in large-amplitude flexings in suspension bridges. A(More)
BACKGROUND Functional imaging studies using working memory tasks have documented both prefrontal cortex (PFC) hypo- and hyperactivation in schizophrenia. However, these studies have often failed to consider the potential role of task-related deactivation. METHOD Thirty-two patients with chronic schizophrenia and 32 age- and sex-matched normal controls(More)
Hallucinations, perceptions in the absence of external stimuli, are prominent among the core symptoms of schizophrenia. The neural correlates of these brief, involuntary experiences are not well understood, and have not been imaged selectively. We have used new positron emission tomography (PET) methods to study the brain state associated with the(More)
Schizophrenics and controls were compared on a computerized test of attentional set-shifting which provides a componential analysis of the Wisconsin Card Sort Test and has previously been shown to be sensitive to frontal lobe dysfunction and Parkinson's disease. The main test was of extra-dimensional shifting where subjects are required to shift response to(More)
CONTEXT Establishing a neurobiological account of delusion formation that links cognitive processes, brain activity, and symptoms is important to furthering our understanding of psychosis. OBJECTIVE To explore a theoretical model of delusion formation that implicates prediction error-dependent associative learning processes in a pharmacological functional(More)
A schedule (the Cambridge Neurological Inventory) has been constructed for standardized neurological assessment of psychiatric patients. Normative data and data resulting from its application to a group of patients with schizophrenia are reported. The instrument is comprehensive, reliable, and easy to administer. In conjunction with other forms of clinical(More)
Abnormal interactions between areas of the brain have been pointed as possible causes for schizophrenia. However, the nature of these disturbances and the anatomical location of the regions involved are still unclear. Here, we describe a method to estimate maps of net levels of connectivity in the resting brain, and we apply it to look for differential(More)
BACKGROUND The psychosis-inducing effect of ketamine is important evidence supporting the glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia. However, the symptoms the drug produces have not been described systematically. AIM To examine the effects of ketamine in healthy people using a structured psychiatric interview. METHOD Ketamine (200 ng/ml) or placebo was(More)