P-J Lejeune

Learn More
Serum calcitonin (CT) assays are the most useful tumoral marker for the diagnosis and follow up of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Since 1988 the sensitivity and specificity of CT assays have been considerably improved. Normal basal and pentagastrin (Pg) stimulated CT ranges remain to be established and it appears necessary to determine the pathological(More)
The process of thyroid hormone synthesis, which occurs in the lumen of the thyroid follicles, results from an oxidative reaction leading, as side effects, to the multimerization of thyroglobulin (TG), the prothyroid hormone. Although hormone synthesis is a continuous process, the amount of Tg multimers is relatively constant. Here, we investigated the role(More)
Thyroglobulin is a large-size iodoglycoprotein specific to thyroid tissue and is the substrate for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, thyroxine and 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine. Recent studies, which greatly benefited from recombinant DNA methodologies, improved the knowledge of several structural features of this dimeric protein and permitted insights into some(More)
Reduced and S-alkylated thyroglobulin (Tgb) from different species were shown by SDS-PAGE to contain small peptides (from 45-9 kDa) rich in thyroxine. Several hypotheses were proposed to explain their origin. The polypeptide composition of iodine-poor (Tgb A) and normally iodinated (Tgb B) human Tgb prepared by two different procedures (one minimizing and(More)
Hypercalcitoninemia has been reported in renal failure. Using a specific monomeric calcitonin (CT) immunoassay, we measured CT levels in 154 hemodialyzed patients. The relationship between CT and serum intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), gastrin, alkaline phosphatases, phosphate and calcium was studied. The pentagastrin test was performed in 26 patients(More)
In serum from five patients with severe burns, alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha 1-PI) was analyzed and then isolated by immunosorption chromatography. By Con A-Sepharose chromatography alpha 1-PI was separated into two types of fractions: the first containing the Con A-non-reactive isoforms and the second containing the Con A-reactive isoforms. The(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in many pathological processes through modifications of structure and activity of proteins. ROS also participate in physiological pathways such as thyroid hormone biosynthesis, which proceeds through oxidation of the prothyroid hormone (thyroglobulin, Tg) and iodide. Regarding the colloidal insoluble multimerized(More)
The 22 kDa fragment (Asn1-Met171) purified from iodine-poor human thyroglobulin (hTg) is capable by itself to synthesize thyroxine at Tyr5, the preferential hormonogenic acceptor site of the protein, after iodination in vitro. To identify the corresponding donor site in this model we studied the fate of the six Tyr residues present in the 22 kDa peptide(More)
Formation of dityrosine bridges is a ubiquitous process mainly attributed to oxidative stress leading to protein degradation and cellular damages. Here we show that dityrosine formation is involved in a physiological process, thyroid hormone synthesis, and is strictly dependent on structural characteristics, namely N-glycans, presented by the protein acting(More)
Thyroglobulin (Tg) is the substrate for thyroid hormone biosynthesis, which requires tyrosine iodination and iodotyrosine coupling and occurs at the apical membrane of the thyrocytes. Tg glycoconjugates have been shown to play a major role in Tg routing through cellular compartments and recycling after endocytosis. Here we show that glycoconjugates also(More)