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1. The yeast Candida boidinii was grown on glucose as carbon source with a range of amines and amino acids as nitrogen sources. Cells grown on amines contained elevated activities of catalase. If the amines contained N-methyl groups, formaldehyde dehydrogenase, formate dehydrogenase and S-formylglutathione hydrolase were also elevated in activity compared(More)
By techniques involving differential centrifugation and specific precipitation with CaCl2, it was shown that dimethylamine and trimethylamine mono-oxygenase activities co-sediment with NADPH-cytochrome c reductase activity in sphaeroplast lysates of Candida utilis grown on trimethylamine as sole nitrogen source. Since the active fraction also contained low(More)
1. An improved procedure is reported for purification of the amine dehydrogenase from methylamine-grown Pseudomonas AM1 which yielded a product homogeneous by sedimentation and disc-electrophoretic analysis, with molecular weight of 133000. 2. The purified enzyme had absorption maxima at 280 and 430nm. On aging, a third peak appeared at 325nm, and the 430nm(More)
Valine aminotransferase, a key enzyme in both biosynthesis and breakdown of branched-chain amino acids, showed consistently higher activity in Candida utilis grown in continuous culture than in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, while pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase, the other two enzymes of the Ehrlich pathway of branched-chain alcohol formation,(More)
1. A mono-oxygenase, which oxidizes trimethylamine and other tertiary amines bearing methyl or ethyl groups, was partially purified sixfold from Pseudomonas aminovorans grown on trimethylamine as sole carbon source. 2. The preferred electron donor was NADPH. The enzyme had a pH optimum of 8.0-9.4 for trimethylamine oxidation, and 8.8-9.2 for dimethylamine(More)
1. Enzymic evidence supporting the operation of the Entner-Doudoroff pathway in the anaerobic conversion of glucose into ethanol and carbon dioxide by Zymomonas mobilis is presented. 2. Cell extracts catalysed the formation of equimolar amounts of pyruvate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate from 6-phosphogluconate. Evidence that 3-deoxy-2-oxo-6-phosphogluconate(More)
Whole cells of Candida boidinii grown on di- or tri-methylamine as sole nitrogen source readily oxidized both amines. The oxidation was potently inhibited by carbon monoxide. Cell-free extracts required the presence of 20 microM FAD before mono-oxygenase activity with both amines could be demonstrated. NADH was a better electron donor than NADPH. Activity(More)
1. Antiserum to purified methylamine oxidase of Candida boidinii formed precipitin lines (with spurs) in double-diffusion tests with crude extracts of methylamine-grown cells of the following yeast species: Candida nagoyaensis, Candida nemodendra, Hansenula minuta, Hansenula polymorpha and Pichia pinus. No cross-reaction was observed with extracts of(More)
1. Whole cells of Pseudomonas AM1 grown on methylamine oxidize methylamine, formaldehyde and formate. Crude extracts oxidize methylamine only if supplemented with phenazine methosulphate. 2. By using a spectrophotometric assay, the methylamine-oxidizing enzyme has been purified 20-fold in 31% yield. 3. The enzyme is a dehydrogenase, unable to utilize(More)